YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 26 C MIN 22 C CAN BHPENDRA PATEL DELIVER BY 2022 END WHAT PM WANTS? OPINION Rainfall may occur. Rs. 5 RANCHI WEDNESDAY, 15 SEPT, 2021 PG-12, YEAR—11, ISSUE—133 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) AT A GLANCE SPECIAL CBI COURT CONVICTS 5 IN A 2003 COAL SCAM CASE NEW DELHI: A CBI special court here on Tuesday convicted five persons in connection with a coal scam case related to Lalgarh (North) coal block allocated during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government in 2003, officials said. The CBI special judge convicted Binay Prakash, the then managing director of Ranchibased Domco Pvt. Ltd.; the then directors Vasant Diwakar Manjrekar and Paramananda Mondal; chartered accountant Sanjay Khandewal and the company Domco Pvt. Ltd. The court will arguments on the quantum of sentences on Wednesday. "This case was registered on the basis of a preliminary enquiry initiated by CBI on the directions received from CVC related to coal blocks allocated during the period from 1993 to 2005. During enquiry, it was revealed that the Lalgarh (North) Coal block was identified in favour of the company by the 19th Screening Committee and accordingly, the company was intimated vide MoC letter dated November 24, 2003," CBI Spokesperson RC Joshi said. The CBI had alleged that Prakash, promoter director of Domco Pvt. Ltd., entered into conspiracy with unidentified persons and submitted false information to authorities while applying for the block. It is alleged that the Prakash made gains of Rs 7 crore by selling shares of the company on premium, after the allocation of the coal block. SPACE & UNIVERSE CMYK 08 SPACE & www.sanmarglive.com UNIVERSE Morning India WEDNESDAY, RANCHI, SEPTEMBER 15, 2021 NASA confirm0s James Webb telescope launch in December China develops prototype drone for future Mars missions BEIJING : China has developed a prototype Mars drone similar to US space agency NASA's Ingenuity helicopter2, media reports said on Wednesday. The Chinese drone has been developed to boost its ability to photograph and analyse the landscape on future missions to the red planet, the South China Morning Post reported. The drone would serve as a navigator for a rover as it explores the surface of Mars, the project's chief scientist was quoted as saying. The drone would be able to capture images and travel several hundred metres in a single flight, Bian Chunjiang, a researcher with the National Space Science Centre, was quoted as saying to Global Times. It would help a rover to locate and drive towards features of the landscape with greater speed and precision, making missions more efficient, Bian said. He said further research efforts would focus on the drone's survival for long periods in the complex Mars environment, the report said. Both the American and Washington : NASA has confirmed plans to launch the James Webb Space Telescope into orbit on December 18, 2021. Webb, which is touted as the US space agency's next great space observatory, was first targeted to launch in March this year. It was later pushed back to October due to impacts from the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, as well as technical challenges. The agency set the new target launch date in coordination with Arianespace after Webb recently and successfully completed its rigorous testing regimen -- a major turning point for the mission, NASA said in a statement on Wednesday. The new date also follows French company Arianespace successfully launching an Ariane 5 rocket in late July and scheduling a launch that will precede Webb. The July launch was the first for an Ariane 5 since August 2020. Webb, an international programme led by NASA with its partners ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency, will launch on an Ariane 5 from Europe's Spaceport in French Guiana on the northeastern coast of South America. ESA is providing the Ariane 5, NASA said. The highly complex space telescope is currently resting in its final stow configuration at Northrop Grumman's facilities in Redondo Beach, California. "Webb is an exemplary mission that signifies the epitome of perseverance," said Gregory L. Robinson, Webb's programme director at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "We've overcome technical obstacles along the way as well as challenges during the coronavirus pandemic. Now that we have an observatory and a rocket ready for launch, I am looking forward to the big day and the amazing science to come," he added. The Webb team is preparing for shipment operations, during which the observatory will undergo final closeout procedures and packing for its journey to the launch site. The major elements of the Ariane 5 rocket that will carry Webb into space have safely arrived in Kourou, French Guiana, from Europe, NASA said. The telescope is designed to help in solving the mysteries of our solar system, looking beyond distant worlds around other stars, and probing the mystifying structures and origins of our universe. NASA's Perseverance rover collects puzzle pieces of Mars' history WASHINGTON : NASA's Perseverance Mars rover successfully collected its first pair of rock samples, and scientists already are gaining new insights into the region. After collecting its first sample, named "Montdenier" on September 6, the team collected a second, "Montagnac," from the same rock on September 8, according to a release by NASA. Analysis of the rocks from which the Montdenier and Montagnac samples were taken and from the rover's previous sampling attempt may help the science team piece together the timeline of the area's past, which was marked by volcanic activity and periods of persistent water. "It looks like our first rocks reveal a potentially habitable sustained environment," said Ken Farley of Caltech, project scientist for the mission, which is led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Southern California. "It's a big deal that the water was there a long time."The rock that provided the mission's first core samples is basaltic in composition and may be the product of lava flows. The presence of crystalline minerals in volcanic rocks is especially helpful in radiometric dating. The volcanic origin of the rock could help scientists accurately date when it formed. Each sample can serve as part of a larger chronological puzzle; put them in the right order, and scientists have a timeline of the most important events in the crater's history. Some of those events include the formation of Jezero Crater, the emergence and disappearance of Jezero's lake, and changes to the planet's climate in the ancient past. "What's more, salts have been spied within these rocks. These salts may have formed when groundwater flowed through and altered the original minerals in the rock, or more likely when liquid water evaporated, leaving the salts. The salt minerals in these first two rock cores may also have trapped tiny bubbles of ancient Martian water. If present, they could serve as microscopic time capsules, offering clues about the ancient climate and habitability of Mars. Salt minerals are also well-known on Earth for their ability to preserve signs of ancient life," read the release. SpaceX finally prepares to send 1st all-civilian crew into orbit The Chinese drone has been developed to boost its ability to photograph and analyse the landscape on future missions to the red planet, the South China Morning Post reported. Chinese drones have two blades to provide lift in the thin Martian atmosphere, Richard de Grijs, professor of astrophysics at Australia's Macquarie University was quoted as saying. While Ingenuity has a solar panel on top to keep its battery charged, Chinese researchers are considering using solar energy or wireless charging for power supply, or both, the report said. In 2020, China launched its first independent Mars exploration mission -- Zhu Rong. Last week it marked the 100th Martian day of its operation on the red planet. China plans to retrieve samples from the planet in 2030 and send crews there for exploration in 2033. S AN FRANCISCO : SpaceX, run by tech billionaire Elon Musk-run, is all set to launch to orbit its first all-civilian mission 'Inspiration4' on Wednesday. It will be the first completely private mission to orbit. The Inspiration 4 crew is slated to launch Wednesday at 8.02 p.m. ET atop SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket, reports The Verge. Jared Isaacman, a billionaire entrepreneur and philanthropist, booked the Crew Dragon capsule last year and picked three normal folks to ride with him. The exact price he paid SpaceX hasn't been disclosed, but it runs into the tens of millions of dollars. The crew includes Hayley Arceneaux, a cancer survivor and physician assistant; Sian Proctor, a geology professor and Christopher Sembroski, a data engineer. Since the Dragon will not visit the International Space Station, unlike previous Crew Dragon missions, its docking port was removed and replaced with a dome window. The window, inspired by the Cupola on the International Space Station, will provide the crew with incredible views of Earth, according to the Inspiration4 team.Issacman, Arceneaux, Proctor and Engine shutdown caused Firefly's debut rocket launch failure WASHINGTON : A premature engine shutdown was the reason behind the failure of Firefly Aerospace's debut rocket launch last week, company representatives have determined. Texas-based Firefly conducted its first-ever orbital test flight on September 2, sending its 29 metre Alpha rocket skyward from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California. About 2.5 minutes after liftoff, the two-stage launcher began to tumble, and shortly thereafter, exploded in a dramatic fireball. Initial investigations revealed that one of Alpha's four first-stage Reaver engines shut down unexpectedly about 15 seconds after liftoff, Space.com reported. "The vehicle continued to climb and maintain control for a total of about 145 seconds, whereas nominal first-stage burn duration is about 165 seconds. However, due to missing the thrust of 1 of 4 engines, the climb rate was slow, and the vehicle was challenged to maintain control without the thrust vectoring of engine 2," Alpha representatives said on Twitter. "Alpha was able to compensate at subsonic speeds, but as it moved through transonic and into supersonic flight, where control is most challenging, the threeengine thrust vector control was insufficient and the vehicle tumbled out of control. The range terminated the flight using the explosive Flight Termination System (FTS). The rocket did not explode on its own," they added. Engine 2 shut down because its main propellant valves closed, Firefly added in the Twitter thread. The company will continue to work to understand what caused the valves to close, and to determine if anything else anomalous happened during the flight, the report said. Alpha is an expendable rocket designed to deliver up to 1,000 kg to low Earth orbit on each $15 million mission, according to the company. During the failed launch, Alpha carried about 92 kg of payload on the flight, which Firefly called DREAM (short for "Dedicated Research and Education Accelerator Mission"). The plan was to carry this gear to an orbit 300 kilometres above Earth. In February this year, the company was also awarded approximately $93.3 million by NASA to deliver a suite of 10 science investigations and technology demonstrations to the Moon in 2023. SpaceX launches 51 Starlink internet satellites since May SAN FRANCISCO : SpaceX on Tuesday launched its first full stack of 51 Starlink broadband satellites since May, the media reported. The satellites blasted off on a Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex 4E at Vandenberg Space Force Station at 11.55 p.m. on Monday night (9.25 a.m. India time Tuesday morning), marking the company's 22nd launch of the year. It also marked a record 10th flight for this particular first stage booster, Space.com reported. "What a beautiful view of Falcon 9 as it successfully lifts off from pad 4E at Vandenberg Space Force Base, carrying our stack of 51 Starlink satellites to orbit," SpaceX's Youmei Zhou was quoted as saying during the launch broadcast. "Stage one landed on our drone ship for the 10th time," Zhou added after the booster touched down, noting it was the company's 90th successful landing to date. The mission, called Starlink 29, is the company's first operational Starlink flight from its West Coast launch facility and will bring the total number of SpaceX broadband satellites launched up to 1,797. It is the 22nd Falcon 9 mission for SpaceX so far in 2021. The flight also marks the first Starlink launch since May, the report said. SpaceX had paused launches for about four months to equip the satellites with laser crosslinks that allow Starlink satellites to communicate with each other, reducing the constellation's reliance on Earth, according to the company. SpaceX began satellite launches in November 2019 and opened its $99 per month beta programme for select customers around a year later. The company aims to launch around 30,000 Starlink satellites into orbit, and expand its user pool to millions of customers. The Starlink programme aims to provide high-speed internet access to users around the world, and as a means to help fund its deepspace ambitions. The service is targeted to users in rural or remote areas that have little to no connectivity, although anyone can subscribe to it. Sembrowski are set to arrive at Kennedy Space Center on September 9, ahead of their planned launch, the report said. The Inspiration4 mission marks SpaceX's latest private astronaut mission. The company's Ax-1 mission, also planned for the end of 2021, hosts a crew of four private astronauts paying $55 million each for an eight-day trip to the ISS. In 2018, Musk also announced Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will hitch a ride around the moon on SpaceX's new rocket system Starship, which is under development. CMYK PAGE 8 CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 33,311,206 TOTAL DEATHS: 443,456 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 226,322,754 TOTAL DEATHS: 4,656,323 AIM IS TO KEEP IMPROVING TO BE WORLD NO. 1: HOCKEY FORWARD SHAMSHER SPORTS Morning India Govt decides to open religious places SANJAY SAHAY RANCHI: The meeting of the state disaster management authority held under chairmanship of chief minister Hemant Soren on Tuesday decided to further relax norms related to religious places, educational institutions, bars and restaurants. The SDMA decided to open all religious places for the devotees barring those aged less than 18 years. All persons associated with the management of the religious places including priests and imams must take at least one dose of Covid vaccine. The district administration of selected religious places like the Baba Dham Deoghar would issue e-pass to 100 persons per hour. The holding fairs, decorative lighting and cultural programme like garba, dandiya or dhak. There would be no distribution of prasad. The height of the statues will be five feet. The idols would be immersed at fixed spots and there would be no procession. The government has also decided to allow offline classes from class VI to class VIII and for all graduation and post-graduation students. All sports activities would be allowed without spectators. The bar and restaurants will be open till 11 AM. Minister Banna Gupta, chief secretary Sukhdeo Singh, additional chief secretary Arun Kumar Singh and other senior officials were present in the meeting. ‘For states to implement’: SC no to again prescribing promotion quota policy NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Tuesday declined to prescribe again a policy for determining backwardness and emphasised that orders were passed in judgments, like M. Nagaraj (2006) and Jarnail Singh (2018), wherein issues in reservation in promotion have been settled. A bench, headed by Justices L Nageswara Rao and comprising justices Sanjiv Khanna and B R Gavai said: "We are making it very clear that we are not going to reopen Nagraj or Jarnail Singh (cases)." It pointed out that the idea was only to decide these cases in accordance with the law laid down by the top court. The Centre, led by Attorney General K.K. Venugopal, asked the top court to issue further clarifications, against the backdrop of promotion on 2,500 posts continuing to remain stalled due to orders passed by various high courts. Venugopal also urged the top court to recall a contempt notice issued against the Union Home Secretary in connection with ad hoc promotions of 149 officers. It was claimed these promotions were done allegedly violating the order of April 15, 2019 on the maintenance struct their pandals but it should not be based on theme and there will be a bar on entry of the devotees. Gathering of 50 percent of the capacity of pandals or 25 persons whichever is less will be allowed. There will be a ban on Indian Army contingent participates in the final validation exercise of ZAPAD 2021, at Mulino Training Ground, in Moscow on Tuesday. (ANI Photo) Pak based terror module busted in Delhi, six arrested NEW DELHI: The Special Cell of Delhi Police said on Tuesday that it has busted a Pakistan-based terror module and arrested six persons, including two people who were trained in Pakistan. Furnishing details of the multi-state operation, a Delhi Police Special Cell official said that they had received inputs from the central agencies that a conspiracy was being hatched to conduct terror strikes in major cities of the country. After receiving this input, the Special Cell constituted a team under the supervision of DCP Pramod Khushwaha and ACPs Hridya Bhushan and Lalit Joshi. "After analyzing human and technical inputs, we realized that it was a very big network that was spread in different states. On Tuesday morning we concluded this operation by conducting multiple raids in different states," Special Commissioner of Police, Special Cell, Neeraj Thakur, said at a press briefing. The first person named Sameer, hailing from Maharashtra, was arrested from Kota while he was travelling in a train while two other were nabbed in the national capital. From more human and technical inputs, the Special Cell in close cooperation with the Uttar Pradesh Anti Terrorist Squad (UP-ATS) conducted raids in the state and arrested three more people. Thakur said of the six arrested, two had been taken to Pakistan via Muscat where they were trained to use explosives and firearms, including AK-47. "The training continued for 15 days after which they returned to Muscat. They revealed that during their training in Pakistan, there were also 1415 Bengali speaking persons in their group," the special cell official said. Thakur said that it seems like the terror operation was closely coordinated from across the border. He said the module was divided into two teams. "One team was given to the underworld which was being coordinated by Dawood Ibrahim's brother, Anees Ibrahim. Their task was to get the arms from across the border into India and keep them concealed. The second team was asked to arrange funds via Hawala," the officer said. The Special Cell informed that one person out of the six arrested was given the task to identify locations in major cities of the country where they could carry out the terror attacks during the forthcoming festival season. "The Special cell is interrogating the suspects and a further probe is on," the official added. these cases is to apply the law, which was laid down by the top court. The bench orally observed that the apex court has already passed orders on how to consider backwardness, and it cannot prescribe policy further. "It is for the states to implement policy and not for us to prescribe. We are not going to decide on issue of Article 16(4) and 16(4a) of the Constitution," it added. The top court - in the Constitution bench decisions of Nagaraj and Jarnail Singh - had laid down conditionalities: data collection on inadequacy of representation, overall effect on efficiency in administration, and excluding creamy layers, while considering reservation in promotion for SC and STs employees. State Cabinet approves 17 proposals management should allow around 50 percent devotees of the capacity of the religious places. The devotees must maintain social distancing and wear masks during their visit. The Durga Puja committee will be allowed to con- of status quo. However, the bench declined to recall the contempt notice and said it would hear it along with the main case. Senior advocates Indira Jaising and P.S. Patwalia had cited several ambiguities in the Nagaraj judgement, which led to different high courts interfering with the guidelines framed by the state governments on reservation in promotion. Taking up over 130 petitions, the bench directed the advocate-on-record for various state governments to identify peculiar issues and submit a note on them within two weeks. It noted that it is not going to permit any arguments for reopening of cases or arguing that law laid down from Indira Sawhney is wrong because the very scope of LJP MP PRINCE PASWAN BOOKED FOR RAPE RANCHI: The Hemant Soren cabinet on Tuesday approved 17 proposals including a plan to levy toll tax on vehicles carrying minerals on the state highways. The Chief Minister Hemant Soren chaired the meeting. The public transport buses and the private vehicles would be exempted from the tax. The government would widen the state highways and also put up toll plazas. Sources said that state government has finalized the tax rates adding the decision is expected to bring revenue upto Rs 700 crores to the state. Another proposal for setting up e- FIR police stations in 22 districts of the state barring Khunti and Ramgarh was endorsed. In cases of unknown accused the people could register their case without visiting the police station under the system. The approval for distribution of free foodgrain among the beneficiaries from July 2021 to November 2021 under the public distribution system was approved. The government would provide five kilograms of foodgrains per month to each beneficiary which would incur a cost of Rs 141 crore in this regard. The government also approved a sum of Rs 80 crore for the selection and development of solar city under direction of energy department Government of India. Giridih has been chosen as the first solar city of the state. Beneficiaries with annual earnings of less than three lakhs would get 100 percent grant. The cabinet gave its nod to plans for building statues of three freedom fighters namely Poto Ho, Bhagirath Manjhi and Ganga Narayan by a company in the Birsa Munda Central jail premises. Eleven statues are already under construction in the jail. A scheme for creating 63 posts in Nagar Uttari subdivisional court was approved. The government gave consent to the scheme for creation of funds for rehabilitation of the children. A sum of Rs 46.20 was approved for strengthening of 58 kilometers long road between Govindpur and Sahibganj. The building of a road overbridge at the level crossing between Tata station and Aditaypur at a cost of Rs 44 crore was also approved. The cabinet approved the formation of the working committee in view of the ordinance brought by the state government for amendment in the provisions of the Jharkhand Panchayat Raj Act. The government approved creation of two more posts in the state commission for consumer protection. A sum of Rs 18.96 crore was also approved for expansion of information technology infrastructure of the Jharkhand State Data Centre. NEW DELHI: Lok Janshakti Party MP Prince Paswan has been booked under rape charges by the Delhi Police, officials said on Tuesday. A senior police officer said the case was registered on the direction of court. "The court's direction came on Thursday and a case has been registered under relevant sections at the Connaught Place Police Station," the officer said. Prince is a Member of Parliament from Samastipur in Bihar. INDIA TO HOLD GLOBAL BUDDHIST CONFERENCE IN NOVEMBER 19-20: ICCR NEW DELHI: President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) Dr Vinay Sahasrabudhe on Tuesday announced that India will hold Global Buddhist Conference (GBC) in November this year, as a bid to "cement ties with those who are into Buddhism". "It was always there on our agenda, many academician who are into Buddhist studies they also suggested and we thought it fit to reach out the academic community working in the discipline of Buddhist studies. Pandemic fails to dent investors interest in India: Survey NEW DELHI: India remains an attractive destination for investments for multinational corporations, scoring highly for its skilled workforce and prospects for economic growth, a Deloitte global survey has found. The survey -- India's FDI Opportunity -- conducted during the peak of the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic in India this year, found that a large proportion of international business leaders remain confident in India's short- and long-term prospects and are readying plans to make additional and first-time investments in the country. The global survey, which questioned 1,200 business leaders of multinational corporations in the US, UK, Japan and Singapore gauge their perceptions of India as a destination for foreign direct investment (FDI). An accompanying Deloitte analysis shows that India will need $8 trillion of gross capital formation (new greenfield assets) to become a $5 trillion economy by FY2027. Based on past trends, India will need at least $400 billion, cumulatively, over six years, in FDI. According to the survey, 44 per cent of MNCs across the US, UK, Japan, and Singapore said they were planning additional or firsttime investments in India. Significantly, amongst first time investors, nearly twothirds are planning investments in India within the next two years. When the survey asked to identify sectors most likely to see new investments in India, utilities (energy infrastructure) led the way (57 per cent), while financial services (49 per cent) and healthcare (48 per cent) also ranked highly. Although there is significant crossover, the survey found that more business leaders, especially in Japan, are making investments in India for access to the domestic market rather than using India as a springboard for exports. India has the strongest positive perception in the US when compared to markets such as China, Brazil, Mexico, and Vietnam. Given the US and UK's strong historic ties with India, the US and the UK business leaders expressed greater confidence in India's stability. However, respondents from Japan and Singapore currently view Vietnam as their preferred investment destination. Business leaders rated India higher on economic growth and skilled workforce. While India is perceived as both politically and economically stable, it scored lower on institutional stability i.e., regulatory clarity and efficient judicial redress and mechanisms. Inadequate infrastructure was another negative factor cited by existing and potential investors. The survey predated the government's recent decision to rectify the long-running retrospective taxation issue with an amendment in the tax law, a significant boost for investor confidence. Despite recent reforms to improve ease of doing business in India, awareness among investors remains low. Business leaders in Japan (16 per cent) and Singapore (9 per cent) were least aware of initiatives such as the digitisation of customs clearance and production linked incentives for manufacturers. Accordingly, India was perceived as a more challenging environment to do business compared to China and Vietnam. Roughly 75 per cent of business leaders said they were more willing to invest in India after being made aware of existing government programmes, incentives and reforms. Commenting on the findings of the study, Punit Renjen, Deloitte Global CEO, said: "After the challenges of the past 18 months, the Deloitte survey is a positive validation of the underlying strengths of the Indian economy, in particular its appeal for foreign investors. We believe the outlook can only get better because of India's improving ease of business, which includes fiscal benefits and other reforms. These positive steps further convince me that India is moving towards its ambition of a US$ 5 trillion economy." India can target attracting greater FDI into seven capital-intensive sectors-Textile & Apparels, Food Processing Industry, Electronic Goods, Pharmaceuticals, Vehicles & Parts, Chemicals & API, and Capital Goods-that have contributed $181 billion of merchandise exports in FY 202021.