YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 32 C MIN 28 C ISI SENDING ISKP CADRE TO POK TO HIT J&K IN A BIG WAY: INTEL OPINION Rainfall may occur. FIFTH TEST: INDIA ON VERGE OF HISTORY IN FINAL TEST VS ENGLAND SPORTS Morning India Rs. 3 KOLKATA FRIDAY, 10 SEPT, 2021 PG- 8, YEAR— 8, ISSUE—115 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) Anit Thapa forms new political outfit MI NEWS SERVICE KOLKATA: Preparations had already begun. This time a new political equation was created in the hills. Anit Thapa, a former leader of the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) and his close associates have announced the formation of a new political party called the Indian Gorkha Republican Front (BGPM). Anit, who was once close to Vinay Tamang, unveiled the flag and name of the new outfit from the gymkhana in Darjeeling on Thursday. There were many GJM leaders and workers in the hills, including Amar Lama. Virtual meetings are held due to the COVID situation. Significantly, Kurseong BJP MLA Vishnu Prasad Sharma welcomed the formation of the new party. On the other hand, the BimalBinoy-led GJM held a 'flag cleansing' programme in the hills on Thursday. A source said that Harka AT A GLANCE EC TO CONDUCT POLLS FOR VACANT RAJYA SABHA SEATS ON OCT 4 NEW DELHI: The Election Commission on Thursday announced dates for bypolls for Rajya Sabha for various states There are six casual vacancies in the Council of States while one seat from Puducherry is going for regular poll. A bypoll for the lone seat of legislative council in Bihar is also scheduled. In West Bengal Manas Ranjan Bhunia, Assam's Biswajit Daimary, Tamil Nadu' K.P. Munusamy and Thiru. R. Vaithilingam resigned. BJP MP Thaawarchand Gehlot also resigned and has been appointed as Governor. While in Maharashtra the seat fell vacant after the demise of Congress MP Rajeev Satav and in Puducherry N. Gokulakrishna is retiring in October. TN TO CARRY OUT EXTENSIVE LAND SURVEYS TO TRACE TEMPLES' LOST LAND CHENNAI: The Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments (HR&CE) Department will carry out extensive surveys using different global positioning systems(DGPS) to trace lost land of temples in the state. It has already engaged 150 licensed surveyors to complete the work. CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 33,139,981 TOTAL DEATHS: 441,782 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 223,599,890 TOTAL DEATHS: 4,613,130 Bahadur Chhetri, a former GJM MLA from Kalimpong and head of the Jan Andolan Party, could also join Anit's party. However, Harka said, "We have been together before. They also talked about me. They invited me to join the new team. But in this situation I see no reason to join the new team. I greet them and speak politely. "Harka said he did not agree ideologically with the word" Gorkha "or any other ethnic symbol to the name of a political party. In the Assembly polls, Binoy Tamang-Anit Thapa fielded a candidate against the pro-Bimal Gurung GJM. Ruden Lepcha, a candidate from the Binoy-Anit group, won in the Kalimpong constituency. But after the vote, Binoy's distance with Bimal began to decrease. Binoy also said that he would leave his group and join hands with Bimal. After that, Anit started building a new team. BJP LEADER SLAPS HOMEGUARD KOLKATA: The NRS hospital was witness to an untoward incident on Thursday morning over the handing over of the body of BJP activist Abhijit Sarkar. A homeguard was slapped by BJP leader Devdutt Maji after an altercation. The State BJP president (Dilip Ghosh) opened his mouth in this context. The BJP leader quite surprisingly stood by his party colleague Devdutt Maji. However, Trinamool spokesperson Kunal Ghosh strongly condemned the incident. He said, 'A homeguard has done his duty. Why should he be beaten up? The BJP is creating unrest for no reason. The accused needs to be punished.' However, the accused BJP leader tried to defend himself by saying that he lost his cool due to excitement and turn of events. Ganesh Utsav at Lake Kalibari in South Kolkata on Thursday ‘NEW DELHI DECLARATION’ BRICS calls for instilling new life in discussions on UNSC reforms NEW DELHI: Members of BRICS countries on Thursday adopted a declaration calling for reforms of the principal organs of the United Nations including instilling new life in the discussions on the reform of the UN Security Council (UNSC). At the conclusion of the 13th BRICS Summit, leaders adopted the "New Delhi Declaration" and pledged resolve towards strengthening and reforming the multilateral system to make global governance more responsive and effective. "Leaders acknowledged that continued relevance of the UN system would be determined by its ability to adapt to contemporary realities. They pledged resolve towards strengthening and reforming the multilateral system to make global governance more responsive and agile, effective, transparent, democratic, representative and accountable to Member States," the declaration read. "Called for reforms of the principal organs of the United Nations including instilling new life in the discussions on reform of the UN Security Council with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countries," it added. Leaders also expressed appreciation of the role of India during its ongoing tenure in the UNSC for 20212022. They also endorsed the BRICS Joint Statement on Strengthening and Reforming the Multilateral System adopted by BRICS Foreign Ministers on 1 June 2021. WHY IS COMMUNIST CHINA SUDDENLY SO INCLUSIVE? PAGE 6 Furthermore, leaders also highlighted the need for cooperation on the study of the origins of the SARS-COV2 - an important aspect of the fight against the COVID19 pandemic. They also called for COVID-19 extensive immunization as a global public good and recognized the importance of experience and knowledge-sharing on Traditional Medicines. The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) Summit was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a virtual format. The theme for the Summit is 'BRICS@15: Intra-BRICS cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus'. Brazil President Jair Bolsanaro, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Russian President Vladimir Putin, and Chinese President Xi Jinping also attended the meeting. Prime Minister Narendra Modi chairs the 13th BRICS Summit, via video conference, in New Delhi on Thursday. ANI BRICS has adopted a counter-terrorism action plan: PM NEW DELHI: The BRICS has adopted a counter-terrorism action plan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Thursday while chairing a virtual summit of the five-nation grouping. The summit is being attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Brazil's Jair Bolsanaro. The BRICS (Brazil-RussiaIndia-China-South Africa) brings together five of the largest developing countries of the world, representing 41 per cent of the global population, 24 per cent of the global GDP and 16 per cent of the global trade. India hosted the summit in its capacity as its chair. "It is a matter of great pleasure for me and India to chair this summit on occasion of the 15th anniversary of BRICS," the Prime Minister said. India has received full cooperation from all BRICS partners during its presidency of the grouping, he noted. The Prime Minister said the BRICS has made many achievements in the last one and a half decades and that it is an influential voice for emerging economies of the world today. AFGHANISTAN SHOULD NOT BECOME THREAT TO NEIGHBOURS: PUTIN NEW DELHI: Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday in his address at the 13th BRICS summit said that Afghanistan should not become a threat to its neighbouring countries and stressed that the US withdrawal has led to a new crisis in the region. Virtually speaking at the summit chaired by India, Putin said, "Afghanistan should not become a threat to its neighbouring countries, a source of terrorism and drug trafficking." "Outstanding regional conflicts have not stopped, on the contrary, they have erupted again becoming more violent. The US and its allies' withdrawal from Afghanistan has led to a new crisis and it's still unclear how will this affect regional and global security," he stressed. Asserting that it is for the first time that BRICS has taken a collective position on strengthening and reforming multilateral sys- tems, Modi said,"we have to ensure that BRICS is more productive in the next 15 years". MORE ON INSIDE PG SC upholds arbitral award in favour of Anil Ambani’s firm NEW DELHI: In a major victory, Reliance Infrastructure Ltd. on Thursday won a four-year battle for control of money from an arbitration award, as the Supreme Court upheld an arbitral award which went in its favour. A bench headed by justice L. Nageswara Rao dismissed a plea by DMRC and upheld the 2017 arbitration award in favour of debt-laden Reliance Group, ADAG, led By Anil Ambani. The amount over Rs 4,600 crore, including interRELIANCE WILL est, will help USE THE MONEY TO the beleaguered PAY LENDERS, THE group to repay COMPANY'S its debt. A LAWYERS HAD SAID detailed order DURING THE CASE will be HEARINGS, FOLLOWuploaded on the ING WHICH THE TOP top court webCOURT HAD BARRED site later in the BANKS FROM MARKday. ING THE COMPANY'S During the ACCOUNTS AS NONhearing in the PERFORMING matter, the ASSETS. Reliance's lawyers had contended before the top court that the firm will use the money to pay lenders. In 2008, Reliance Infrastructure's unit had entered into a contract with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for running the city rail project till 2038. In 2012, Ambani's firm stopped operating the capital's airport metro project, due to disputes over fee and operation. The firm initiated an arbitration case against the DMRC alleging violation of contract and sought a termination fee. Reliance will use the money to pay lenders, the company's lawyers had said during the case hearings, following which the top court had barred banks from marking the company's accounts as non-performing assets. The final ruling in the case also lifts the court's restriction on lenders. Chinese institutes infiltrate Indian educational institutions NEW DELHI: A Law and Society Alliance report, through meticulous research and data collection, has managed to show that China has made significant inroads into numerous Indian sectors in the past few years. China has been using subtle tactics to spread its influence and propaganda on not just India, but also its neighbours and the world at large. Global powers such as the US, Canada and Australia have already recognised this growing trend and taken concrete steps to minimise Beijing's influence on their societies. China's aggressive wolf-warrior diplomacy, coupled with its more subtle influence operations, have allowed it to infiltrate deep into several key sectors of India, by using its warfare doctrine of winning without fighting. Beijing's influence operations have not only been limited to the entertainment industry, but over the years, China has also tried to control and steer Indian thinktanks and civil society. To do so, China has attempted and, in some ways, succeeded to make deep inroads in the India intellectual space. One of the primary ways in which China achieved its great influence on think-tanks is by making generous donations, either directly or through proxies. China also regularly facilitates exchange programmes among think-tanks and university students. The students travel to China at the Chinese government's expense and inadvertently fall prey to Beijing's narrative. China has also deployed "intellectuals", "academicians", and floated organisations to further its narrative. The report also highlights how Chinese institutes are rapidly coming up and have been established in dozens of Indian educational institutions. This, in-turn, has a rippling effect of having Indian institutions taking a proChina stance and influencing the impressionable Indian students. One example of Chinese infil- tration into India's educational institutions is how a prominent public management university located in northeast India offers a Post Graduate Programme for Executives (Managing Business in India and China) under which students are sent to Chinese Universities. Moreover, China has expanded its influence within Indian educational institutions using a statesupported social foundation called "Confucius Institute". First established in 2004, these institutes are supposed to be centres of learning but are just another tool used by China to expand its public influence. China has also tried to use the Indian media and prominent Indian media personalities to influence civil society, and this is the centre piece of its propaganda tactics. One of the examples highlighted by the Law and Society Alliance's report is the case of detained journalist Rajeev Sharma, who is facing allegations of spying for China. The report analyses the articles authored by him and thus, showing clearly that Rajeev Sharma has been a long-time contributor to Chinese influence operations in India - to the extent of even advocating for India to hand over His Holiness the Dalai Lama to China. Tech savvy youths in India are routinely tuning to mobile apps for their day-to-day needs, Chinese influence operations have even sought to control this sector, especially news apps. The top three news apps in India Dailyhunt, NewsDog and UC News - have received major investments from Chinese firms to the tune of several millions of US dollars. The Law and Society Alliance report contains many more such examples of Beijing subtly trying to influence the India population using social media and mobile applications, including video tools. India's budding tech sector has also not been able to escape the clutches of China. Since 2015, China and Chinese firms have invested around $7 billion in the Indian tech sector. Coupled with many acquisitions, Chinese companies have become major shareholders of some of India's biggest tech companies. Another worrying development that has been aptly highlighted in the report is the powerful reputation that Chinese telecommunication giant, Huawei, shares among Indian business leaders and policy communities. Huawei has had its global reputation tarnished by being labelled as a pawn of the Chinese Communist Party and for carrying out espionage operations against foreign nationals.