YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 27 C MIN 23 C PRECARIOUS CONDITIONS OF THE JOBLESS WORSENING IN INDIA OPINION Rainfall may occur. OLYMPICS TENNIS: DJOKOVIC STARTS CAMPAIGN WITH A WIN SPORTS Morning India Rs. 5 RANCHI SUNDAY, 25 JULY, 2021 PG-12, YEAR—11, ISSUE—82 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) TOKYO OLYMPICS: MANIPUR’S WEIGHTLIFTER STRIKES SILVER ON DAY ONE Mirabai makes history on a gloomy day for India TOKYO: Weightlifter Mirabai Chanu provided the silver lining on a day when some of the most talented Indian shooters, including pistol marksman Saurabh Chaudhary and rifle ace Elavenil Valarivan, flattered to deceive on the first full day of competitions at the Tokyo Olympics here. Manipur's 26-year-old Mirabai exorcised the ghost of the 2016 Rio Olympics with a total lift of 202kg -87kg in snatch and 115kg in clean and jerk - to clinch India's second medal in weightlifting after Karnam Malleswari's bronze in the 69kg category at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. It was a big performance by Mirabai who had failed to lift weights in three attempts in clean and jerk in 2016. With the silver at the Olympics, Mirabai has now won medals in the Commonwealth Games, Asian Championships, and World Championships. On a day when 19-yearold ace 10m air pistol shooter Chaudhary qualified for the finals at No. 1 spot, raising hopes of a gold medal, he lost touch in the finals to fin- ish seventh, while compatriot Abhishek Verma couldn't make the eight-shooter final, ending 17th. The Indian men's hockey team, after a sedate beginning in Pool A, when they conceded a goal, rallied against New Zealand to win 3-2 and prime themselves up for the upcoming clashes, especially against the world No. 1 side Australia on Sunday. The women's hockey team, however, left the fans disappointed after matching World No 1 the Netherlands for the entire first half before slumping to 1-5 defeat in AT A GLANCE CATHOLIC PRIEST HELD IN TN FOR HATE SPEECH CHENNAI: A Roman Catholic priest George Ponnaiah who made disgusting speech in Kanniyakumari district about Bharat Mata, Hinduism, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Amit Shah and the DMK government led by Chief Minister M.K. Stalin was arrested in Madurai on Saturday. He had said at a meeting attended by Christians and Muslims, that the DMK government led by Stalin coming to power is nothing but alms of Christians and Muslims. OVER 2.98 CRORE UNUTILISED VACCINE DOSES STILL AVAILABLE WITH STATES, PVT HOSPITALS: GOVT NEW DELHI: More than 2.98 crore balance and unutilized COVID-19 vaccine doses are still available with the states, Union Territories and private hospitals, the Union Health Ministry said on Saturday. MORE ON PG 5 CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 31,297,122 TOTAL DEATHS: 419,613 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 193,603,856 TOTAL DEATHS: 4,155,011 "IN 1991, INDIA SHOWED FORESIGHT AND COURAGE IN CHANGING BOTH THE DIRECTION AND DETERMINANTS OF ITS ECONOMY. THESE REFORMS LIBERATED INDIA'S ENTREPRENEURIAL ENERGY AND INAUGURATE AN ERA OF FAST-PACED GROWTH", AMBANI SAID. We can make next 30 years the best in India's history: Mukesh NEW DELHI: "I am supremely hopeful and confident about the Rise of New India. I can see that the spirit of India is more resurgent than ever before", Mukesh Ambani, Chairman, Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) wrote in Times of India. Ambani said India and the world changed dramatically at the beginning of the 1990s. Communist Soviet Union collapsed. The cold war ended. And India embarked on a bold new path of economic reforms. "Thirty years later, the global order is changing fundamentally yet again. The speed, scale and substance of this change are unprecedented, even unpredictable. Yet, one thing is absolutely predictable: India's time has come", Ambani said. "Destiny and Drive is making the 21st centur's favourite nation ready for a great leap forward. India stands at the doorstep of prosperity that is both significant and inclusive, and of delivering all-round human development through the democratic route. With faith in our potential, confidence in our collective capabilities, and unity in action, we can exceed the world's expectations", Ambani wrote. "My source of optimism is our recent past. In 1991, India showed foresight and courage in changing both the direction and determinants of its economy. These reforms liberated India's entrepreneurial energy and inaugurate an era of fast-paced growth", Ambani said. Ambani said the results are for all to see. India's GDP of $266 billion in 1991 has grown by over ten times. India's economy has become the fifth largest in the world. Poverty rates have halved despite population rising from 880 million to 1.38 billion. Key infrastructure has improved beyond recognition. Our expressways, airports and ports are now world-class, and so are many of our industries and services. "No young Indian today would believe that people had to wait for years to get a telephone or a gas connection, or that businesses had to seek government's permission to buy a computer", Ambani said. "India transformed from an economy of scarcity in 1991 into an economy of sufficiency in 2021. Now, India has to transform itself into an economy of sustainable abundance and equitable prosperity for all by 2051. In India, equity will be at the heart of our collective prosperity", Ambani said. "With our accomplishments over the past three decades, we have earned the right to dream big. What can be a greater dream than to be able to celebrate the centenary of our independence.” their opening Pool A match. Indian tennis ace Sumit Nagal, who was a lastminute entry to the Olympics after slots were created due to pull-outs by top players, defeated 2018 Jakarta Asian Games champion, Denis Istomin of Uzbekistan, 6-4, 6-7(6), 6-4 to advance, while table tennis player Manika Batra -- after losing the round-of-16 mixed doubles match partnering Achanta Sharath Kamal to Chinese Taipei's Lin Yu-Ju and Cheng I-Cheng 11-8, 11-6, 11-5, 114 -- came back strongly to beat Ukraine's 20th seed Margaryta Pesotska. She is now the first Indian woman paddler to win a round at the Olympics since 1992. Indian shuttlers had a mixed day with the men's doubles pair of Chirag Shetty and Satwiksairaj Rankireddy defeating the higher-ranked Chinese Taipei pair of Lee Yang and Wang Chi-lin 2116, 16-21, 27-25 in their first Group A match, while the country's hope in men's singles, B Sai Praneeth, suffered a shock loss against Misha Zilberman of Israel in his first Group D match. MORE ON PG 12 3 arrested for Govt toppling plot in State ALL IS WELL IN CONGRESS, SAYS BERMO MLA ANURAG THAKUR RANCHI: Ranchi Police has arrested 3 people for working against the government and conspiring to bring it down. The three people who have been arrested include Abhishek Dubey, Amit Singh and Nivaran Prasad Mahato. A case has been registered against them under sections 419, 420, 124(A), 120B, 34 of the IPC and section 171 of the PC Act in Kotwali Police station. Two of those detained are from Kolkata. It is being told that the two arrested people are government employees. According to the information, one arrested person is related to a big industrialist. Police have also recovered a huge amount from them. It is being said that they were in contact with a dozen MLAs of Jharkhand. The whole matter is related to buying MLAs. Although a large amount of cash has been recovered by the police, but according to the information, a large amount has been delivered. At the same time, in this case, the police team reached Hotel Le Lac and also checked other documents including CCTV footage. Sources said that by luring money to the MLAs involved in the government, efforts were being made to bring the Hemant government into a minority. The special branch got to know about the conspiracy. After which three people involved in the conspiracy were arrested after raiding many big hotels of the state capital. Earlier, on Thursday night also police team raided many hotels in station road in which few people were detained and interrogation was going at a hidden place. Meanwhile, Bermo MLA Anup Singh while talking to Morning India said that he had lodged a complaint in Kotwali police station on July 22, on his information, the hawala businessmen were arrested, in which there is probably a BJP MLA from Maharashtra. Singh said that INSIDE BIDEN REAFFIRMS SUPPORT FOR AFGHANISTAN J&K ARMS LICENCE CASE: CBI RAIDS 40 LOCATIONS, INCLUDING 2 IAS OFFICERS' HOMES PAGE 5 LIFESTYLE & FOOD CMYK 10 LIFESTYLE & www.sanmarglive.com FOOD Morning India SUNDAY, RANCHI, JULY 25, 2021 W YOUR PROTEIN PLATTER Whole grains are key to good health Researchers through their recent study found that adults who ate at least three servings of whole grains daily had smaller increases in waist size, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels over time compared to those who ate less than a one-half of serving per day. Published in the Journal of Nutrition, the study by researchers at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University examined how wholeand refined-grain intake over time impacted five risk factors of heart disease: Waist size, blood pressure, blood sugar, triglyceride, and HDL ("good") cholesterol. Using data from the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort, which began in the 1970s to assess long-term risk factors of heart disease, the new research examined health outcomes associated with wholeand refined-grain consumption over a median of 18 years. The 3,100 participants from the cohort were mostly white and, on average, in their mid-50s at the start of data collection. The research team compared changes in the five risk factors, over four-year intervals, across four categories of reported whole grain intake, ranging from less than a half serving per day to three or more servings per day. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020- 2025, the recommended amount of whole grains is three or more servings daily. An example of a serving is one slice of wholegrain bread, a half cup of rolled oats cereal, or a half-cup of brown rice. The results showed that for each four-year interval: Waist size increased by an average of over 1 inch in the low intake participants, versus about half an inch in the high intake participants. Even after accounting for changes in waist size, average increases in blood sugar levels and systolic blood pressure were greater in low intake participants compared to high intake participants. The researchers also studied the five risk factors across four categories of refined-grain intake, ranging from less than two servings per day to more than four servings per day. Lower refined-grain intake led to a lower average increase in waist size and a greater mean decline in triglyceride levels for each around protein consumption, ith hectic Samaddar said, "Firstly the common lifestyles, perception is that "protein is diffimeeting cult to digest", "leads to weight deadlines, gain" and "protein is only for body erratic work builders"." hours, nutriSo how do we make sure that we tion intake is get adequate proteins in our diet? severely Protein is of two types -- complete impacted. Hence, lifestyle diseases and incomplete, which is deterlike diabetes, hypertension etc are mined by the composition of amino on the rise and it's time to face acids. Complete proteins are found some hard facts, says an Indian in poultry, egg, milk, fish etc. nutrition expert. Complete protein sources like chickThe latest survey by the Indian en, turkey, duck and egg are high on Market Research Bureau (IMRB) to quantity and quality and 100 per ascertain the levels of protein deficent digested. ciency and awareness about protein Eggs and poultry, besides being in India showed 73 per cent of urban rich are protein deficient with an excellent source of protein, are also loaded with micronutrients like 93 per cent of them unaware about vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Zinc, Iron, their daily protein requirements. In fact, despite the urban populace eat- Selenium. "One egg gives around 7 g of ing poultry products as a source of protein, whereas 100g of chicken, animal protein, India's consumption duck or turkey is around 20-21g. So of poultry meat products remains one of the lowest in the world at less the focus should be not just on the quantity but also the quality of prothan 4 kg per capita for poultry tein one takes. Eating high quality while other developed countries protein like egg and poultry increashave a per capita consumption of as es metabolism, improves satiety and much as 40 kg. keeps energy levTo create els high. awareness about Inadequate intake the need to incorof protein leads to porate the essenTHE LATEST SURVEY BY THE weakness and tial component of INDIAN MARKET RESEARCH fatigue and delays protein in our BUREAU (IMRB) TO ASCERTAIN wound healing diets, Protein THE LEVELS OF PROTEIN DEFIand over a long Week is celebratCIENCY AND AWARENESS period of time can ed from July 24ABOUT PROTEIN IN INDIA precipitate into 30 each year. SHOWED 73 PER CENT OF lifestyle diseases Detailing the URBAN RICH ARE PROTEIN like central adiimportance of DEFICIENT WITH 93 PER CENT posity, diabetes including protein OF THEM UNAWARE ABOUT and high triglycin one's diet, leadTHEIR DAILY PROTEIN eride levels, ing nutritionist REQUIREMENTS. IN FACT, besides malnutriRitika Samaddar DESPITE THE URBAN POPUtion." shares, "As a LACE EATING POULTRY PRODRecommending building block of UCTS AS A SOURCE OF ANIMAL a guideline on life, protein is PROTEIN, INDIA'S CONSUMPprotein intake, present in every TION OF POULTRY MEAT PRODSamaddar added, cell of the body. UCTS REMAINS ONE OF THE "To have adeProtein is crucial LOWEST IN THE WORLD. quate protein in for growth and one's diet, include development and a source of proto fight against tein in every diseases. The RDA meal. Start your day with a healthy for protein for an average Indian breakfast and include an egg daily Adult is 0.8-1.0g per kg body or milk. Meals should include some weight, which is around 50-60 g of protein food like chicken or lentils. protein per day for the healthy adult Also snack on protein rich foods like population. There is a need to crenuts, sprouts or eggs. In this panate awareness on the importance of demic too the nutrient most talked protein on our health, how much to about and of utmost importance is take and the sources of protein in protein. Protein is required to build our diet. India is a crab loving counthe immunity and also fight the distry. We as a nation consume excess ease. Post recovery too, increasing starch and fat and grossly inadequate in proteins and there are mul- intake of protein is important to rebuild muscle loss, immunity and tiple reasons for this." energy levels." Debunking the common myths four-year period. "Our findings suggest that eating whole-grain foods as part of a healthy diet delivers health benefits beyond just helping us lose or maintain weight as we age. In fact, these data suggest that people who eat more whole grains are better able to maintain their blood sugar and blood pressure over time. Managing these risk factors as we age may help to protect against heart disease," said Nicola McKeown, senior and corresponding author and a scientist on the Nutritional Epidemiology Team at the USDA HNRCA. "There are several reasons that whole grains may work to help people maintain waist size and reduce increases in the other risk factors. The presence of dietary fiber in whole grains can have a satiating effect, and magnesium, potassium, and antioxidants may contribute to lowering blood pressure. The soluble fiber, in particular, may have a beneficial effect on post-meal blood sugar spikes," said Caleigh Sawicki. Sawicki did this work as part of her doctoral dissertation while a student at the Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University and while working with the Nutritional Epidemiology Team at the USDA HNRCA. TO HAVE ADEQUATE PROTEIN IN ONE'S DIET, INCLUDE A SOURCE OF PROTEIN IN EVERY MEAL. START YOUR DAY WITH A HEALTHY BREAKFAST AND INCLUDE AN EGG DAILY OR MILK. MEALS SHOULD INCLUDE SOME PROTEIN FOOD LIKE CHICKEN OR LENTILS. ALSO SNACK ON PROTEIN RICH FOODS LIKE NUTS, SPROUTS OR EGGS. HOT TO BEAT BOREDOM A ccording to a new study, smartphone gaming can be harmful to players who game to escape their negative mood and feelings of boredom. The findings of the study were published in the journal 'Computers in Human Behavior'. Researchers at the University of Waterloo found that bored "escape players", those who have difficulty engaging with the real environment and sustaining attention, may seek "flow," which is a deep and effortless state of concen- tration in an activity linked to loss of awareness of time and space. "We found that people who experience intense boredom frequently in everyday life reported playing smartphone games to escape or alleviate these feelings of boredom," said Chanel Larche, study lead author and a PhD candidate in cognitive neuroscience at Waterloo. "The problem with this boredom 'fix' is that they end up playing whenever they are bored, and end up experiencing problems tied to excessive game play," added Larche. CMYK PAGE 10 "During gameplay, players may achieve optimal arousal, engaged focus and attention and a reduction in feelings of monotony, but this heightened urgeto-play among escape players can have negative consequences and lead to excessive time gaming," Larche further said. Larche conducted this study with Waterloo's cognitive neuroscience professor Michael Dixon. Using the popular smartphone game Candy Crush, Larche and Dixon had 60 participants with current level standings in the game between 77 and 3307 play at various difficulty levels from too easy, which meant there was a lack of skill-challenge balance, low flow and low arousal, to balanced, which was more challenging and that caused greater flow, arousal, less boredom and a stronger urge to continue gameplay. This was done to determine whether players would choose to continue playing a game where there was a balance of challenge and skill conducive to flow, rather than an easier game that would generate less flow. Their results confirmed that individuals who game to escape boredom by using smartphone games such as Candy Crush become more immersed in gameplay than non-escape players. However, when escape players find these games more rewarding as a relief from boredom, they may play more frequently and for longer periods. "Those who play to escape experience greater flow and positive affect than other players, which sets up a cycle of playing video games to elevate a depressed mood," Dixon said. "This is maladaptive because, although it elevates your mood, it also increases your urge to keep playing. Playing too long may lead to addiction and means less time is available for other healthier pursuits. This can actually increase your depression," Dixon added. Larche said these findings might encourage game developers to consider implementing responsible video gaming tools directly within their games. For example, having a timelimit option to allow players to specify how long they wish to play could be helpful for players susceptible to problematic escape play. Students in a jubilant mood after receiving the ICSE results, in Kolkata on Saturday. ANI WHATSAPP CEO SAYS Govt officials world over among 1.4K users targeted in 2019 WASHINGTON: Senior government officials from across the world, including individuals in high national security positions who are "allies of the US", were targeted by governments using the NSO Group spyware in a 2019 attack against 1,400 WhatsApp users, according to the messaging apps Chief Executive Officer, The Guardian reported. WhatsApp CEO Will Cathcart disclosed the new details about individuals who were targeted in the attack after revelations this week by the Pegasus Project, a collaboration of 17 media organisations which investigated NSO, the Israeli company that sells its powerful surveillance software to government clients around the world. Cathcart said that he saw parallels between the attack against WhatsApp users in 2019, which is now the subject of a lawsuit brought by WhatsApp against NSO, and reports about a massive data leak which are at the centre of the Pegasus Project. "The reporting matches what we saw in the attack we defeated two years ago, it is very consistent with what we were loud about then," Cathcart said in an interview with The Guardian. In addition to the "senior government officials", WhatsApp found that journalists and human rights activists were targeted in the 2019 attack against its users. Many of the targets in the WhatsApp case, he said, had "no business being under surveillance it is not yet known that the three arrested persons were in contact with how many MLAs. He said that Congress Legislature Party leader Alamgir Alam had asked him to keep a watch on such activities. Singh said that he had not shared this information with anyone. After the police action in this case, the Chief Minister came to know that Anup Singh is the complainant. Then on his asking, he had apprised the CM about all the aspects. Anup Singh said that since the formation of the government, efforts are on to destabilize the government. There is a coalition government here. Therefore, it is our responsibility to save the government from such conspiracies. He was asked that many Congress MLAs are continuously running for Delhi. in any way, shape, or form", the report said. "This should be a wake-up call for security on the internet … mobile phones are either safe for everyone or they are not safe for everyone," he said. As per the report, Cathcart questioned NSO's claim that the figure was in itself "exaggerated", saying that WhatsApp had recorded an attack against 1,400 users over a two-week period in 2019. "That tells us that over a longer period of time, over a multi-year period of time, the numbers of people being attacked are very high," he said, adding: "That's why we felt it was so important to raise the concern around this." When WhatsApp says it believes its users were "targeted", it means the company has evidence that an NSO server attempted to install malware on a user's device, The Guardian said. When WhatsApp announced two years ago that its users had been targeted by the NSO malware, it said 100 of the 1,400 targets were journalists, human rights defenders and activists. The users were targeted through a WhatsApp vulnerability that was later fixed. As per the report, Cathcart said he had discussed the 2019 attack against WhatsApp users with governments around the world. He also praised the recent moves by Microsoft and others in the technology industry who are speaking out about the dangers of malware, and called on Apple -whose phones are vulnerable to malware infections -- to adopt their approach, according to the report. "I hope that Apple will start taking that approach too. Be loud, join in. It's not enough to say, most of our users don't need to worry about this. It's not enough to say ‘oh this is only thousands or tens of thousands of victims'," Cathcart was quoted as saying. "If this is affecting journalists all around the world, this is affecting human rights defenders all around the world, that affects us all. And if anyone's phone is not secured that means everyone's phone is not secure," he added. He also called on governments to help create accountability for spyware makers, the report said. The Guardian reported that WhatsApp had launched its lawsuit against NSO in late 2019, claiming that the Israeli company was responsible for sending malware to WhatsApp users' phones. WASHINGTON: During a phone call with his Afghan counterpart Ashraf Ghani, US President Joe Biden reaffirmed Washington's support for Kabul as fighting has escalated in the war-torn country since the withdrawal of American forces began in May. According to the White, the two leaders on Friday discussed the present situation in Afghanistan and reaffirmed their commitment to an enduring bilateral partnership. "President Biden emphasized continued US support, including development and humanitarian aid, for the Afghan people, including women, girls, and minorities," it said. Biden and Ghani also agreed that the "Taliban's current offensive is in direct contradiction to the movement's claim to support a negotiated settlement of the conflict", according to the White House. The US leader also reaffirmed Washington's commitment to continue supporting the Afghan security forces to defend themselves.