YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 32 C MIN 27 C COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS IN INDIA NEED URGENT REVAMP OPINION Rainfall may occur. LIFE IN BIO-BUBBLE WITHOUT PLAYING IS TOUGH: KULDEEP YADAV SPORTS Morning India Rs. 3 KOLKATA TUESDAY, 20 JULY, 2021 PG-08, YEAR—8, ISSUE—66 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) Hospitals have become large industries, better close them: SC NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Monday observed that hospitals have become large industries thriving on human distress, and it is better they are closed. The top court added state governments can provide better hospitals, instead of permitting private hospitals to operate from small residential buildings. A bench comprising Justice D.Y. Chandrachud and M.R. Shah said: "Hospitals have become large industries now based on human distress and we cannot let them prosper at the cost of lives. Let such hospitals be closed". The bench pulled up the Gujarat government for extending the deadline for hospitals in connection with building use permissions. AT A GLANCE GUJARAT'S NEW ANTI-CONVERSION LAW CHALLENGED IN HC AHMEDABAD: Provisions of a new Gujarat law which penalises forcible or fraudulent religious conversion through marriage has been challenged in the state High Court, where it was mentioned before a division bench on Monday. The Gujarat Freedom of Religion (Amendment) Act, 2021, was notified in the state on June 15. The matter was mentioned before the division bench of Chief Justice Vikram Nath and Justice Biren Vaishnav for circulation. Allowing the same, the court said it will be listed after two to three days. TMC MPS PADDLE TO PARLIAMENT NEW DELHI: Several Trinamool Congress MPs cycled to Parliament on Monday to protest against the rise in prices of fuel and other commodities, the party said. The party MPs from the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha held the protest at 10:15 am. They also held a dharna at Vijay Chowk.The All India Trinamool Congress has given multiple notices under various Rules in both house of Parliament on the opening day of the Monsoon session, the party said. The issues on which notices have been given include price hike of diesel, petrol, LPG and other commodities, CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 31,144,229 TOTAL DEATHS: 414,141 The bench cited that one patient had recovered from Covid and had to be released the next day, but he died due to fire, and also two nurses were burnt alive. "These are human tragedies which have unfolded before our eyes! Then, we go on extending time for these hospitals," he said. The bench said hospitals have become a real estate industry, and instead of providing succour to patients in distress, it is widely felt they have become money minting machines, which fleece patients. Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, on his part, submitted before the bench that visualise the impact, if a 10-story building with 4-5 bedded hospital, which was required for Covid treatment now, "HOSPITALS HAVE BECOME LARGE INDUSTRIES NOW BASED ON HUMAN DISTRESS AND WE CANNOT LET THEM PROSPER AT THE COST OF LIVES. LET SUCH HOSPITALS BE CLOSED". doesn't have building use permission. Mehta added, resultantly hospitals were required to be closed and in total 30,000 beds could become unavailable. Justice Chandrachud responded, there is no point in condoning lapses of these nursing homes which are not supposed to be in those buildings in the first place. Justice Shah added if any recommendation is made, you see to it that corrective measure is taken. "Let the state provide those facilities and Covid care centres. We can't have them in these small residential buildings", said the bench. Referring to a government notification that hospitals do not have to adhere to the norms till June 2022, the bench said: "Once a mandamus is there, it cannot be overridden by an executive notification like this! You now give a carte blanche and say hospitals don't have to adhere till 2022 and people will continue dying and be burnt..." The top court strongly condemned a report by a commission IT minister junks National security is under reports of threat: Adhir Chowdhury Pegasus project THE BENCH SAID HOSPITALS HAVE BECOME A REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY, AND INSTEAD OF PROVIDING SUCCOUR TO PATIENTS IN DISTRESS, IT IS WIDELY FELT THEY HAVE BECOME MONEY MINTING MACHINES, WHICH FLEECE PATIENTS. on the issue of fire safety in hospitals that was filed in a sealed cover. "What is this report in a sealed cover by the commission, etc.? It is not a nuclear secret," said Justice Chandrachud. The top court told the Gujarat government to withdraw the notification giving relaxation to hospitals. WORLD CONGRESS DEMANDS INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATION NEW DELHI: Congress party on Monday demanded an independent probe into the alleged illegal surveillance of journalists using Pegasus spyware and sought the resignation of Union Home Minister Amit Shah. While addressing the press conference, Congress leader and LoP in Rajya Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge alleged, "The Prime Minister and Home Minister are involved in snooping on Opposition leaders including Rahul Gandhi, journalists and even Union ministers.” With checks and balances in place, illegal surveillance is not possible," he said. The minister clarified that requests for lawful interceptions of electronic communication are made as per the relevant rules under Section 5(2) of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, and Section 69 of the Information Technology Act, 2000. Each case of interception is approved by the competent authority. The minister was making a statement on the Pegasus project reports published in The Wire, which showed that over 300 phone numbers including those of two serving ministers, over 40 journalists, three opposition leaders, among others, - could have been targetted for hacking using the Pegasus spyware. TOTAL CASES: 191,372,142 MINISTERS VAISHNAW, PRAHLAD PATEL, IRANI'S FORMER OSD ON POTENTIAL PEGASUS TARGETS TOTAL DEATHS: 4,108,615 PAGE 3 MI NEWS SERVICE NEWDELHI/KOLKATA: Amid reports of possible hacking of phones of journalists and activists through Pegasus spyware, Leader of Congress in Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury on Monday said he will raise the issue in the Parliament. "Our national security is under threat. I will definitely raise the Pegasus spyware issue in the House," Chowdhury said. Ahead of the commencement of the Monsoon session of the Parliament, several members raised concerns about the Pegasus spyware and gave a suspension of business notice in this regard. Communist Party of India (CPI) Rajya Sabha MP Binoy Viswam on Monday has given a suspension of business notice under rule 267 over revelations of the scale of Pegasus spyware. AAP Rajya Sabha MP Sanjay Singh has given a suspension of business notice under rule 267 over revelations of the scale of Pegasus spyware. The Monsoon session is set to begin on Monday and will conclude on August 13. The development comes after the names of over 40 Indian journalists appeared on the leaked list of potential targets for surveillance by an unidentified agency using Pegasus spyware, according to a report published in The Wire. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology refuted the reports of surveillance of journalists. "The allegations regarding government surveillance on specific people has no concrete basis or truth associated with it whatsoever. In the past, similar claims were made regarding the use of Pegasus on WhatsApp by the Indian state. Those reports also had no factual basis and were categorically denied by all parties, including WhatsApp in the Indian Supreme Court," the Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology said in its response. "This news report, thus, also appears to be a similar fishing expedition, based on conjectures and exaggerations to malign the Indian democracy and its institutions," the Ministry added. The spyware 'Pegasus' is developed by Israel-based NSO Group. The company specialises in hacking devices and caters to various governments of the world for spying purposes. Forensic tests have also confirmed that phones of some of these journalists were successfully infected with the Pegasus malware, the report said. According to the report, the journalists who were targeted work for some news organisations in the country including Hindustan Times, The Hindu, India Today, Indian Express and Network18. Many of them cover matters related to Defence, Home Ministry, MORE ON PG 7 TMC to broadcast Mamata Banerjee's July 21 speech on giant screens across States Pegasus spyware NEW DELHI: A day after reports surfaced in the media of alleged snooping on journalists, politicians and other personalities of the country using Pegasus, a spyware developed by Israeli firm NSO Group, Union Information and Technology Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw, while replying on behalf of the government to questions raised by the opposition in the Lok Sabha on Monday, rubbished the reports of espionage. Terming it is an attempt to malign Indian democracy, Vaishnaw said that by logic, the website (The Wire) only tried to create sensation through baseless news reports. If the members pay proper attention to the news, then they themselves will understand this, he said. The Union minister said, "The NSO has also said that the report is false and baseless. Any kind of illegal surveillance is not possible in our system. This media report coming a day before Parliament session is not a coincidence." He also slammed reports about the government's use of Israeli spyware Pegasus to spy on opposition leaders, journalists and others, including its own ministers. He said that in the past, similar claims were made regarding the use of Pegasus on WhatsApp, which had no factual basis and were denied by all parties. He insisted that no form of illegal surveillance is possible with checks and balances given India's laws and its robust institutions. "In India, there's a wellestablished procedure through which lawful interception of electronic communication is carried out for the purpose of national security. In December last year, the court had directed the Centre to submit data from all states on fire safety audits carried out in hospitals. The court noted that although different states and union territories have taken measures and conducted inspections, further audits were required and asked the state government to constitute a committee to carry out a fire audit of each Covid hospital at least once in a month, in each district. The bench listed the matter for further hearing after two weeks. The Court was hearing a suo motu case concerning fire tragedies in Covid-19 hospitals across the country following incidents in Rajkot and Ahmedabad. MI NEWS SERVICE Election Commission and Kashmir among others. The Wire said phones of its founder-editors Siddharth Varadarajan and MK Venu were also targeted with Pegasus spyware. Some of the prominent journalists whose names are mentioned in the leaked list include Shishir Gupta, Prashant Jha, Rahul Singh, Sandeep Unnithan, Manoj Gupta, Vijaita Singh and J Gopikrishnan, the report said. According to The Wire, the leaked list was first accessed by France-based Forbidden Stories and Amnesty International and later shared with The Wire and 15 other news organisations worldwide as part of a collaborative investigation named the 'Pegasus Project'. Notably, the presence of a phone number in the list alone does not reveal whether a device was infected with Pegasus or subject to an attempted hack. But the Pegasus Project suggests potential targets for surveillance attempts. Independent digital forensic analysis conducted on 10 Indian phones whose numbers were present in the data showed signs of either an attempted or successful Pegasus hack, reported The Wire. In November 2019, messaging app WhatsApp had revealed that journalists and activists in India have been the target of surveillance by operators using the Israeli spyware, Pegasus. The then Electronics and Information Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had informed the Parliament that Pegasus spyware was developed by an Israel-based company NSO Group in an attempt to reach mobile phones of 1,400 users globally including 121 users from India. The spyware first made global headlines in 2016 when an Arab activist reported a mysterious message on his phone. KOLKATA: All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC) plans to install giant screens to broadcast the July 21 speech by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, specifically in the BJP ruled states, according to a senior party leader. The party has decided to install giant screens in Agartala in Tripura, Guwahati and Silchar in Assam and in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab etc, TMC leader Madan Mitra said. Mitra further added that the main event will happen in Delhi at the Constitution Club where Mamata Banerjee will virtually address the gathering from Kolkata. "The TMC will be inviting opposition leaders on July 21 which the party celebrates as Martyr's Day and which was organised virtually last year," he added. This will be a step towards 'Delhi Chalo'. We have won Bengal again and the people outside the state have seen that Maamta is the only competitor against BJP, he added."This time the slogan will be 'Modi Bharat Chhoro'. In UP elections, BJP will suffer a huge loss and it will be a deciding factor for 2024 whether or not BJP will retain power," Mitra said. Generally, TMC observes July 21 to commemorate the police firing at a rally in 1993 in Kolkata during a rally organised by the State Youth Congress under the leadership of Mamata Banerjee, in which 13 people lost their lives. PM: Some can’t digest Dalits, women, SC/ST as ministers NEW DELHI: Due to the ruckus created by opposition parties in both houses of parliament, Prime Minister Narendra Modi could not introduce his recently inducted Council of Ministers on Monday but he launched scathing attack on opposition memmbers and alleged that some people can't digest Dalits, Women, SC/ST and OBC made ministers. "I thought that there would be enthusiasm in the Parliament as so many women, Dalits, tribals have become Ministers. This time our colleagues from agricultural and rural background, OBC community, have been given a berth in Council of Ministers," the Prime Minister said while he introduced his new Ministers in the lower House.Taking congnisance of huge pandemonium created by the Opposition on different issues, Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla adjourned the House for the day.The parliamentarians from Congress, Trinamool Congress were among other Opposition leaders who started sloganeering against the government and trooped near the Speaker's podium after the Prime Minister started introducing his ministers.Earlier, Defence Minister and Deputy Leader of the House Rajnath Singh raised an objection against the Opposition uproar while Prime Minister Narendra Modi was introducing his Council of Ministers. Indians searched more on immunity, e-learning during pandemic DIGITAL ADOPTION WITH PEOPLE SPENDING SIGNIFICANT TIME ON THEIR PC, PHONES, AND TABLETS INCREASED BENGALURU: There has been a massive increase in searches related to physical fitness, financial investments, entertainment, e-learning searches in the last one year as people continued to shelter at place and work from home due to the ongoing Covid pandemic, revealed a report on Monday. The InMobi report, titled Search in India-2021 Trends Report, showcased insights on the shift in netizens' online behaviour and their search preferences from the data analysed between April 2020 and June 2021. During this period, there was a 125 per cent increase in immunity related searches, while home-fitness related searches like online dance and home gym saw 28 times and 14 times increase respectively. Investment preference shifted from physical assets to financial instruments in the past year and an increased preference for using digital channels was seen. Asset management-related searches increased by 13 times while those related to digital payments continued to grow at 12 per cent. "In the last few years, digital content consumption has increased manifold. The pandemic has further accelerated digital adoption with people spending significant time on their PC, phones, and tablet screens. These behavioural changes have opened up newer avenues for search advertising and it will perhaps be one of the most effective mediums for brands to reach out to the right audience," said Rohit Dosi, Director, Microsoft Advertising at InMobi, in a statement. Further, staying at home led to a spike in the demand for hyperlocal delivery services. Searches related to cake delivery soared 15 times as people celebrated more at home. With theatres shut, concerts suspended, and people working remotely from their homes, there has also been a massive increase in search volume for entertainment and music content. The keyword 'most popular Netflix series' was searched 28 Investment preference shifted from physical assets to financial instruments in the past year and an increased preference for using digital channels was seen. Asset managementrelated searches increased by 13 times while those related to digital payments continued to grow at 12 per cent. times more, while 'cricket live score' witnessed 381 times increase. Online games related searches saw a 52 per cent rise. In addition, searches for education and e-learning related content also saw a massive spike. There has been a 367 per cent increase in searches related to 'learning online', while a 103 per cent increase in those related to 'training'. "The massive shift in an individual's online browsing and searching pattern has paved the way for brands looking to invest in search advertising. There has been a steady growth of search as a digital medium across PC and Mobile in India with approximately 25 per cent of digital media spends accounting for search advertising. While some brands have already started leveraging this medium to achieve their larger business goals, others can leverage search advertising to create a smarter customer journey to reach the right audience, with the right message," Dosi said.