YK MYK COMPREHENSIVE PLAN NEEDED TO SAVE PEOPLE’S HEALTH, ECONOMY OPINION Rs. 3 KOLKATA WEDNESDAY, 28 APRIL, 2021 PG-08, YEAR—7, ISSUE—340 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) WEATHER TODAY MAX 37 C MIN 27 C ARMY CHIEF VISITS SIACHEN, LADAKH; REVIEWS SITUATION NATION Morning India Compulsory home quarantine for those who campaigned in Bengal Plea in Delhi HC Sky will be partly cloudy. MI NEWS SERVICE AT A GLANCE JUSTICE RAJESH BINDAL NAMED ACTING CHIEF JUSTICE OF CALCUTTA HC NEW DELHI: Justice Rajesh Bindal, the seniormost Judge of the Calcutta High Court, was on Tuesday named to perform the duties of the office of the Chief Justice with effect from April 29, when incumbent, Justice Thottathil Bhaskaran Nair Radhakrishnan retires. The appointment was made by President Ram Nath Kovind in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 223 of the Constitution, as per a notification issued by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice. GST RETURN VERIFICATION THROUGH OTP ALLOWED NEW DELHI: The government has provided relief to GST taxpayers from a physical visit to tax office for verification of digital signature required on return forms. The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has allowed taxpayers to file return forms GSTR-1 and GSTR 3B. 73 more die of COVID-19 in Bengal KOLKATA: Bengal on Tuesday logged 16,403 fresh COVID-19 cases, the highest-single spike recorded in the State so far, pushing the tally to 7,76,345, a bulletin issued by the State Health Department said. The death toll climbed to 11,082 with 73 more fatalities, it said. In the past 24 hours, 10,664 people recovered . CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 1,76,87,553 TOTAL DEATH: 1,98,051 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 148,625,687 TOTAL DEATH: 3,136,952 SC asks States to file report on health infra by tomorrow NEW DELHI/KOLKATA: The Delhi High Court on Tuesday received a petition seeking direction to ensure compulsory home quarantine of persons who campaigned in the Assembly elections in Bengal, over the last one week. The matter is scheduled for hearing on April 30. The application has been moved through Advocate Virag Gupta which seeks direction to recover the penalty from all political parties on the basis of crowd claimed to be in road shows and rallies, which was in violation of COVID-19 guidelines of the Election Commission. The fresh direction also seeks to lodge FIRs against all-star campaigners and leaders of all political parties who openly violated masking and social distancing guidelines of the Election Commission. The plea also requested for the prosecution of officials of the Election Commission who failed to enforce COVID guidelines issued by themselves, despite the legal representation of the petitioner. The intervention application was moved by former DGP Dr Vikram Singh and Chairman of think-tank CASC in the ongoing matter and sought direction to Election Commission to prominently publish on its website, mobile apps, election materials, and other platforms the "Election Commission Guidelines for the conduct of general elections/by-elections during COVID-19" published in August last year. Owing to the surge in COVID-19 cases in Bengal, the Madras High Court had earlier said that ECI officials should probably be "booked for murder", the plea states. Even the Delhi High Court had issued notice to ECI on plea to ensure masks are worn during election campaigns. Anubrata under strict surveillance MI NEWS SERVICE KOLKATA: The Election Commission has placed Trinamool Congress' Birbhum president Anubrata Mondal under strict surveillance from 5 pm till Friday 7 am, an official said on Tuesday. The decision was taken in the wake of the Chief Electoral Officer receiving "several complaints against Mondal", he said. "In view of the feedback received from various sources and as per the report of the DEO and SP, Birbhum, the Commission has directed that Mondal be under strict surveillance of the execu- tive magistrate and CAPF for ensuring free and fair elections," the official said. During this period, videography would be conducted "with date and stamping". Birbhum is scheduled to go to polls in the eighth and final phase of the Assembly elections on Thursday. Mondal was placed under similar surveillance during the 2019. Cryogenic tanks being airlifted from Bangkok by Indian Air Force, in Bangkok on Tuesday. ANI COVID-19 VACCINE PRICING Top court asks Centre to explain rationale NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Union of India (UOI) to explain the basis and rationale adopted with respect to the pricing of COVID vaccines and other necessary items. Justice D Y Chandrahud also said that the UOI shall also clarify in its affidavit the basis and rationale adopted in regard to the pricing of vaccines. "During the national crisis, Supreme Court cannot be a mute spectator. The role of the Supreme Court is complimentary in nature," the SC said. Each of the state governments has to file their respective replies by Thursday by 6 pm in connection with their respective states with regard to their health infrastructure (shortage of oxygen and others), the Apex Court said and fixed the matter for further hearing to Friday noon. "The High Courts shall not be restrained in passing any directions," as they are hearing the cases in their respective states and they know the ground situation better, the Apex Court said. INDIA TO GET FIRST DOSES OF SPUTNIK V VACCINE BY MAY 1 MOSCOW: The Russian Direct Investment Fund will deliver the Sputnik V vaccine to India as it battles the second wave of coronavirus, RDIF CEO Kirill Dmitriev said on Monday. Dmitriev, in an interview with CNN on Monday, said that the first doses will arrive in India on May 1. He also stated that India would be one of the key producers of Sputnik V. Meanwhile, Indian doctors are looking forward to getting access to Russia's Sputnik V vaccine soon, Senior Director of the center for Chest and Respiratory Diseases at New Delhi's Super Specialty Hospital Dr Sandeep Nayar told TASS Newsagency on Tuesday. The Bharat Biotech has fixed the price of its COVID-19 vaccine, Covaxin, at Rs 600 per dose for state governments and at Rs 1,200 per dose for private hospitals. The Serum Institute of India (SII) has announced a price of Rs 400 per dose for its COVID-19 vaccine, 'Covishield', for state governments and Rs 600 per dose for private hospitals. Both vaccines are available to the Central government at a rate of Rs 150 per dose. EC censors all victory processions after poll results KOLKATA: In the wake of uncontrolled increase of Covid cases across the country, the Election Commission (EC) has banned all kinds of victory processions after the poll results are declared on May 2. The commission has also put a cap on the number of persons assisting the candidates at the counting halls. In view of the surge in Covid cases throughout the country, the Commission has decided to make more stringent provision to be followed during the process of counting, in addition to existing broad guidelines dated August 21, 2020 and has directed, "No victory procession after the counting on 2.5.2021 shall be permissible". The EC also said, "Not more than two persons shall be allowed to accompany the winning candidate or his/her authorized representative will receive the certificate of election from the Returning Officer concerned". In addition to this the commission has made an extensive arrangement for counting that will be conducted in 705 halls in Bengal with a maximum of seven tables in each of the hall to main- tain physical distancing and other health protocols related with management of Covid-19. Mask, sanitisers and face shields will be made compulsory for all at the counting venues. "During the last assembly elections counting was held in 385 halls. We have almost doubled the counting venues that have gone up to 705. In the majority of the counting halls there will be seven tables and in some where the space is large there may be 14 tables. The blueprint is expected to be finalised by Tuesday after holding a video conference with the district election officers (DEOs)," Aariz Aftab, state Chief Electoral Officer said. "There will be temperature check at the entry point in all the venues," he added. NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the State Governments to file report on their health infrastructure and did not restrain the High Courts from passing any order on Covid. The Supreme Court was hearing the suo motu case on Covid management in the country. The Apex Court asked the state governments to file replies by Thursday with regard to their health infrastructure and said that the High Courts are not restrained from passing any direcSC ALLOWS tions as they are hearing VEDANTA TO the cases in PRODUCE ONLY their respecOXYGEN AT tive states TUTICORIN PLANT and they know the PAGE 7 ground situation better. The bench headed by D.Y. Chandrachud asked the central government to explain the basis and rationale behind the pricing of anti-Covid vaccines and other necessary items. The court fixed the matter for hearing on Friday and said that the Supreme Court is here to complement the High Courts. When asked by Justice S. Ravindra Bhat -- "What is your national plan to deal with the crisis? Is vaccination main option to deal with it," Solicitor General Tushar Mehta replied, "The Matter is being treated at the highest executive level and the States and the Prime Minister are dealing with the issue." INSIDE SO HAS INDIA BECOME THE ‘SICK MAN OF ASIA’? OPINION HC WARNS DELHI GOVT OVER BLACK MARKETING OF OXYGEN NEW DELHI: The Delhi High Court on Tuesday expressed its displeasure over black marketing of medical oxygen while hearing a petition on shortage of oxygen and treatment of Covid patients in the national capital. The Court said people were forced to buy oxygen cylinders in the black market for lakhs of rupees while their original cost is only a PG 5 few hundred rupees. CAN NIGHT MODE FEATURE HELP YOU SLEEP BETTER? WASHINGTON: How often have you laid in bed scrolling through news stories, social media or responding to a text? After staring at the screen, have you ever found that it is harder to fall asleep? It's widely believed that the emitted blue light from phones disrupts melatonin secretion and sleep cycles. To reduce this blue light emission and the strain on the eyes, Apple introduced an iOS feature called Night Shift in 2016; a feature that adjusts the screen's colours to warmer hues after sunset. Android phones soon followed with a similar option, and now most smartphones have some sort of night mode function that claims to help users sleep better. Until recently, claims of better sleep due to Night Shift have been theoretical. However, a new study from Brigham Young University (BYU) published in the journal Sleep Health, challenges the prem- ise made by phone manufacturers and found that the Night Shift functionality does not actually improve sleep. To test the theory, BYU psychology professor Chad Jensen and researchers from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center compared the sleep outcomes of individuals in three categories: those who used their phone at night with the Night Shift function turned on, those who used their phone at night without Night Shift and those who did not use a smartphone before bed at all. "In the whole sample, there were no differences across the three groups," Jensen said. "Night Shift is not superior to using your phone without Night Shift or even using no phone at all." The study included 167 emerging adults ages 18 to 24 who use cell phones daily. They were asked to spend at least eight hours in bed and wore an accelerometer on their wrist to record their sleep activity. Individuals who were assigned to use their smartphone also had an app installed to monitor their phone use. The measured sleep outcomes included total sleep duration, sleep quality, wake after sleep onset and the time it took to fall asleep. After not finding significant differences in sleep outcomes across the three categories, the researchers split the sample into two separate groups: one which averaged about seven hours of sleep and another that slept less than six hours each night. The group that got seven hours of sleep, which is closer to the recommended eight to nine hours a night, saw a slight difference in sleep quality based on phone usage. The individuals who did not use a phone before bed experienced superior sleep quality relative to both those with normal phone use and those using Night Shift. Within the six-hour group, which had the least amount of sleep, there were no differences in sleep outcomes based on whether the participants used Night Shift or not. "This suggests that when you are super tired you fall asleep no matter what you did just before bed," explained Jensen. "The sleep pressure is so high there is really no effect of what happens before bedtime." The results suggest that it is not blue light alone that creates difficulty falling or staying asleep. The psychological engagement experienced when texting, scrolling and posting are also important factors that affect sleep outcomes. "While there is a lot of evidence suggesting that blue light increases alertness and makes it more difficult to fall asleep, it is important to think about what portion of that stimulation is light emission versus other cognitive and psychological stimulations," said Jensen. Night Shift may make your screen darker, but Night Shift alone will not help you fall or stay asleep. SEBI TIGHTENS NORMS FOR PROVISIONAL RATING BY CREDIT RATING AGENCIES MUMBAI: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has strengthened the regulations for provisional rating for debt instruments by credit rating agencies. As per the new norms, all provisional ratings for debt instruments shall be prefixed as 'Provisional' before the rating symbol in all communications including rating letter, press release or rating rationale among others. A rating shall be considered as provisional, and not final, when it is contingent upon execution of letter of comfort, corporate guarantee, or other forms of explicit third-party support and execution of documents such as debenture trust deed/ debenture trustee agreement, legal agreements/opinions, representationsamong others. "In no case shall a rating, including provisional rating, be assigned by a credit rating agency for an issuer/client evaluating strategic decisions, such as funding mix for a project, acquisition, debt restructuring, scenario-analysis in loan refinancing, etc," SEBI said in a circular.