YK MYK VACCINE NET EXPANSION WITHOUT BETTER STRATEGY IS OF LITTLE HELP IPL: DELHI CAPITALS TAKE ON WEAKENED RAJASTHAN ROYALS OPINION SPORTS Morning India Rs. 5 RANCHI THURSDAY, 15 APRIL, 2021 PG-12, YEAR—10, ISSUE—338 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) CBSE exams for Class 10 cancelled, class 12 postponed WEATHER TODAY MAX 33 C MIN 22 C NEW DELHI: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) exams for Class 10 have been cancelled and the exams for Class 12 postponed in view of the exponential spike in Covid-19 cases across the country, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced on Wednesday. The decision was taken in a high-level meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday afternoon here amid demand from students, teachers, parents and other stakeholders to cancel it. Considering the resur- gence of the pandemic and school closures and also taking in account the safety and well-being of students, the Ministry of Education said that a decision was taken to defer the Class 12 board exams and cancel the Class 10 exams. The CBSE Board exams were scheduled to be held from May 4 to June 7 and the results were to be announced by July 15. "The Board Exams for Class Xth to be held from 4th May to June 14th, 2021 are hereby cancelled. The results of Class Xth Board will be prepared on the basis of an objective criterion to be developed by the Board," Nishank tweeted. "Any candidate who is not satisfied with the marks allocated to him or her on this basis, will be given an opportunity to sit in an exam as and when the conditions are conducive to hold the exams," the Minister said. Nishank further said that the Class 12 exams will be held later, and the situation will be reviewed on June 1 by the CBSE. He also ensured that details regarding the plan will be shared subsequently. "A notice of at least 15 days will be given before the start of the examinations." The Minister mentioned that the decision was taken after Prime Minister Modi chaired a high-level meeting to review the examinations to be held at various levels in INSIDE INDIA’S NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY IS FUTURISTIC: PM PAGE 5 view of the developing Corona situation. Besides Nishank, Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Secretary, School and Higher Education Secretaries and other top officials attended the meeting. The Prime Minister reiterated that the well-being of the students has to be the top priority for the government. He also stated that the Centre would keep in mind the best interests of the students and ensure that their health is taken care of at the same time their academic interests are not harmed. MORE ON PG 11 CAMPAIGNING FOR FIFTH PHASE OF BENGAL POLLS ENDS Sky will be partly cloudy. AT A GLANCE KOLKATA: Campaigning for the fifth phase of the West Bengal assembly elections, in which 45 seats will go to polls on April 17, ended on Wednesday. The campaigning ended at 6.30 pm. The Election Commission has increased the silence period from 48 to 72 hours in view of the Cooch Behar killings in the fourth phase. A total of 1.13 crore voters are eligible to cast their votes to decide the fate of 342 candidates, including Siliguri Mayor and Left Front leader Ashok Bhattacharya, state minister Bratya Basu and BJP's Samik Bhattacharya. Polling will be held from 7 am to 6.30 pm at 15,789 polling stations in 16 assembly seats in North 24 Parganas, eight each in Purba Bardhaman and Nadia, seven in Jalpaiguri, five Darjeeling and one in Kalimpong district. In view of the Cooch Behar killings, in which four people were killed in CISF firing and one man was shot dead by unidentified persons outside a booth in Sitalkuchi, the EC has decided to deploy at least 853 companies of central forces. INDIA WILL RAISE ITS CLIMATE AMBITIONS BUT NOT UNDER PRESSURE: JAVADEKAR NEW DELHI: Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar on Wednesday said India will raise its climate ambitions but not under pressure, and that it will not allow anybody to forget their historical responsibility. He also said that India is suffering because of the mistakes of others and "is not responsible for climate change that is happening". YOGI ADITYANATH TESTS COVID POSITIVE, SELF-ISOLATES LUCKNOW: Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has tested positive for Covid. In a tweet, the Chief Minister said that in view of the preliminary symptoms, he had got himself tested and the report showed that he was positive for Covid-19. The Chief Minister had stated on Tuesday evening that he is isolating himself after a number of officials in his secretariat tested positive. CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 1,39,59,649 TOTAL DEATH: 1,72,428 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 138,259,099 TOTAL DEATH: 2,976,042 CM Hemant Soren pays floral tributes to Dr BR Ambedkar to mark his birth anniversary in Ranchi on Wednesday. MI Photo Bihu Bliss Artists perform traditional Bihu dance on the occasion of the Rongali Bihu festival during 'Mukoli Bihu' organized by the All Assam Students Union (AASU), in Guwahati on Wednesday. ANI UK, double mutant strains of coronavirus detected in state SANJAY SAHAY MI NEWS SERVICE RANCHI: The whole-genome sequencing of samples sent from Jharkhand to the Institute of Life Science, Bhubaneshwar has revealed the presence of UK variant and double mutants virus in the state. Notably, the state government had sent 52 samples to identify strains of SARS COVID -2 virus prevailing in the state. The samples are stored at -80 degree centigrade. A total of 39 were selected for sequencing out of which nine were found to be of UK mutant variant and four of the double mutants. Eight of the UK variants were from Ranchi and one from East Singhbhum. Out of the double mutants, three were from Ranchi and one from East Singhbhum. The health department officials claimed that sequencing will help in better planning and management of the patients in the future. It has urged the citizens to follow the Covid appropriate behaviour strictly so that the chain is broken. Meanwhile, the Ranchi district administration has UK PM TO SHORTEN HIS INDIA TRIP DUE TO PANDEMIC Passengers ignore social distancing norms in Ranchi on Wednesday. Hemant Sutradhar launched a dashboard that would provide relevant data regarding Covid to people. The site would provide information about private and government hospitals, availability of beds, Covid case data, active cases, deaths due to Covid and vaccination. People could find out a vacancy in hospitals in case they need to be admitted. In another development, the Ranchi deputy commissioner issued notices to three labs namely SRL Labs, S Sharan Labs and Medica for the slow rate of testing. The DC asked the private laboratories to increase testing and perform according to their potential. He said that all the labs must clear their backlogs. It may be stated here that Jharkhand is facing the second wave of Covid 19 disease. The state is committed to take all necessary measures to stop the spread of the virus. BJP using divisive methods to win elections: Soren DELHI/LONDON: British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has decided to shorten his trip to New Delhi later this month in view of the severity of the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic in India. The visit, due on April 26, is significant for the UK as it is eyeing a new bilateral trade deal with India, following its exit from the European Union. India is the secondlargest investor in the UK, after the US. PostBrexit, the UK is focused on the IndoPacific region for its economy and security. Johnson had earlier indicated that apart from New Delhi, he wanted to visit Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru and Chennai. RANCHI: Taking a dig at the BJP for claiming itself as the largest political party in the country, Chief Minister (CM) Hemant Soren on Wednesday said that the party had to borrow a candidate from outside for fighting the Madhupur elections. Speaking at an election rally at Asansol ground in Madhupur, the CM claimed that even the campaigners for the BJP candidate are coming from other states. Their leaders are using social media and the media briefings to carry out their campaign, he added. The CM alleged that the BJP is fighting the elections on basis of money power, adding the party candidate has no connection with the people. He said that JMM leaders are with the people during the difficult Covid period. He said that late Haji Hussian Ansari who died due to Covid kept on mingling with people on one pretext or the other. He added another minister of the government is battling for survival in Chennai after getting infected. The CM said that in contrast the BJP leaders are hardly seen with people in hours of crisis, adding they follow various means, including divide and rule to DECISION ON EXAMS BASED ON COVID SITUATION: CM RANCHI: Taking a serious view of the Covid situation in the state, the CM emphasized the need for a collective decision at the national level to curb the pandemic. He said that many examinees have approached him regarding the matriculation and the intermediate examinations to be held by Jharkhand Academic Council from May 4. He said that the government was keeping a close watch over the situation and would take a decision on the issue. SCIENCE CMYK 08 AI IN COURTS secure a win in the elections. Soren said that people of the state have thrown out the double engine government in the 2019 elections. He said that his government took welfare measures, including waiving farmers’ loan and providing 15 lakh public distribution system cards after coming to power. KNOWLEDGE & For TV, e-paper & news visit: www.live7tv.com Morning India SCIENCE THURSDAY, RANCHI, APRIL 15, 2021 mends the foremost exercise NEW DELHI: With impresthat must be initiated by the sive advances having been AI committee of the made in artificial intelligence Supreme Court is to deter(AI), the Indian judiciary has mine technology's short, been early to adopt it too. medium, and long-term Soon, AI will be tailored for usage. the justice delivery system, playing a vital role in "This exercise must improving administrative effiestablish clear ground ethical ciency in courts, and aiding rules for the responsible in decision-making processes design and deployment of for lawyers, judges and litiAI. In parallel, it must also gants. But how could robots ascertain the logistical decide questions of law and capacity of the judiciary to extract the accurate position integrate such technologies of law from a mass of prece(for instance, how can judidents? cial data be archived and According to a strategy made more openly accessipaper published by Vidhi ble)", said the research Centre for Legal Policy, an paper. independent think-tank, the Ameen Jauhar, a senior integration of AI in justice resident fellow and team system requires a comprelead at Vidhi, said AI is hensive legal, regulatory, already making visible and ethical framework to inroads within the Indian establish trust in these techjudiciary, manifested by the nologies. The paper proposes pilots of algorithmic tools like a roadmap to integrate AI in SUVAAS and SUPACE. the justice system. "A more streamlined The basic information and approach is needed to build communication tech infraon these first-generation AI structure under the e-courts' pilots which can be steered programme is also looking to by the Supreme Court's AI leverage AI's potential to committee. In order to harintelligently recommend ness AI in a scalable and schedules for hearing by responsible manner, it will optimising and coordinating require some formalised govthe schedules and times of ernance and ethical framejudges, lawyers and litigants. works, and the buy-in from On November 26, 2019, other stakeholders, namely the national Constitution the bar and litigants in Day, Chief Justice S.A. Bobde India," added Jauhar, who is launched the beta version of also the lead-author of the a neural translation tool study. called SUVAAS, a machine The other authors of the learning tool for study are Vaidehi translating Misra, a senior Supreme Court resident fellow HOW IT judgments into at Vidhi, and WILL AID vernacular Partha P. languages. DECISION-MAKING Chakrabati, a The top joint faculty FOR LEGAL court's AI member of Committee is the Centre of FRATERNITY, also working Excellence in LITIGANTS' on a composite Artificial new tool named Intelligence at the SUPACE, an AI tool to IIT, Kharagpur. assist judges in legal According to the research. research, "identification of The research paper sugthe different administrative gests that actual developprocesses in the entire lifement of AI-driven technolocycle of a case, and prioritisgies for the justice system ing which of these can either will require careful planning: be completely automated expanding SC's AI commit(like scheduling hearings), or tee to oversee the integrawhich are proving to be bottion of AI within the justice tlenecks (like issuing sumsystem, publishing openly mons). Once identified, such accessible datasets, and harproceedings can benefit from nessing public private partthe use of narrow, ML algonerships to design and rithms to automate, streamdeploy AI tech interventions. line and make basic court The SC is also contemprocesses more efficient". plating using AI for adminisThe study also recomtrative purposes and expemended that judicial AI diting the process of justice. should focus on eliminating AI's actual integration will the longstanding problem of require an understanding of judicial backlog in Indian its role in different judicial courts. Chief Justice Bobde systems and addressing key will release this paper on the legal and ethical challenges, responsible use of artificial which may arise. intelligence in the Indian jusThe research recomtice system on Thursday. GOOD SCREAM, BAD SCREAM "ALGORITHMS ARE ABLE TO DO A HUGE NUMBER OF TASKS AND THE NUMBER OF TASKS THAT THEY ARE ABLE TO DO IS EXPANDING PRACTICALLY EVERY DAY," SAID RESEARCHER ERIC BOGERT FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. MAN VS MACHINE WHO YOU TRUST MORE? NEW YORK: Despite increasing concern over the intrusion of algorithms in daily life, a new research shows that people are more likely to rely on algorithms than humans, especially if a task becomes too challenging. From choosing the next song on your playlist to choosing the right size pants, people are relying more on the advice of algorithms to help make everyday decisions and streamline their lives. "Algorithms are able to do a huge number of tasks and the number of tasks that they are able to do is expanding practically every day," said researcher Eric Bogert from the University of Georgia. "It seems like there's a bias towards leaning more heavily on algorithms as a task gets harder and that effect is stronger than the bias towards relying on advice from other people," Bogert added. For the study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, the team involved 1,500 individuals evaluating photographs. The team asked volunteers to count the number of people in a photograph of a crowd and supplied suggestions that were generated by a group of other people and suggestions generated by an algorithm. As the number of people in the photograph expanded, counting became more difficult and people were more likely to follow the suggestion generated by an algorithm rather than count themselves or follow the "wisdom of the crowd", the researcher said. According to the researcher, the choice of counting as the trial task was an important one because the number of people in the photo makes the task objectively harder as it increases. It also is the type of task that laypeople expect computers to be good at. Facial recognition and hiring algorithms have come under scrutiny in recent years as well because their use has revealed cultural biases in the way they were built, which can cause inaccuracies when matching faces to identities or screening for qualified job candidates, the team said. Those biases may not be present in a simple task like counting, but their presence in other trusted algorithms is a reason why it's important to understand how people rely on algorithms when making decisions, they added. Soon, a probiotic yogurt-based drug to combat Covid T he human scream signals more than fear of imminent danger or entanglement in social conflicts. Screaming can also express joy or excitement. For the first time, researchers have demonstrated that nonalarming screams are even perceived and processed by the brain more efficiently than their alarming counterparts. Screaming can save lives. Non-human primates and other mammalian species frequently use scream-like calls when embroiled in social conflicts or to signal the presence of predators and other threats. While humans also scream to signal danger or communicate aggression, they scream when experiencing strong emotions such as despair or joy as well. However, past studies on this topic have largely focused on alarming fear screams. Humans respond to positive screams more quickly and with higher sensitivity, the study suggested. The findings of the study were published LONDON: A team of Israeli researchers has identified new drug candidates from probiotic Kefir yogurt that may combat pathogenic bacteria and treat various inflammatory conditions, including inflammatory bowel disease and Covid-19 infections. The study, led by researchers from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) in Israel, highlighted the mechanism by which milk fermented probiotics can protect against pathogenic infections and aid the immune system. The drug candidates are based on molecules isolated from Kefir yogurt -- a fermented probiotic dairy drink made by infusing cow or goat milk with kefir grains containing yeast and lactic acid bacteria. The findings, published in the journal Microbiome, demonstrated that the kefir-secreted molecules can significantly reduce virulence of Vibrio in the journal 'PLOS Biology'. In the new study, a team at the University of Zurich Department of Psychology led by Sascha Fruhholz investigated the meaning behind the full spectrum of human scream calls. The results revealed six emotionally distinct types of scream calls indicating pain, anger, fear, pleasure, sadness and joy. "We were surprised by the fact that listeners responded more quickly and accurately, and with a higher neural sensitivity, to non-alarming and positive scream calls than to alarming screams," said Fruhholz. Cognitive processing of joyful screams is more efficient The research team carried out four experiments for their study. Twelve participants were asked to vocalize positive and negative screams that might be elicited by various situations. A different group of individuals rated the emotional nature of the screams and classified them into different categories. While participants lis- THE STUDY, LED BY RESEARCHERS FROM THE BEN-GURION UNIVERSITY OF THE NEGEV (BGU) IN ISRAEL, HIGHLIGHTED THE MECHANISM BY WHICH MILK FERMENTED PROBIOTICS CAN PROTECT AGAINST PATHOGENIC INFECTIONS AND AID THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. cholerae -- which causes cholera. The anti-bacterial effect was based on disrupting communication among the bacterial cells. Further, the experimental results revealed that the isolated molecules effectively healed mice inflicted with a lethal "cytokine storm" -- the extreme immune response, which is one of the main causes of death in Covid-19 patients. The molecules not only eliminated the cytokine storm, but also restored balance to the immune system, an extraordinary feat pointing to significant In the new study, a team at the University of Zurich Department of Psychology led by Sascha Fruhholz investigated the meaning behind the full spectrum of human scream calls. The results revealed six emotionally distinct types of scream calls indicating pain, anger, fear, pleasure, sadness and joy. "We were surprised by the fact that listeners responded more quickly and accurately, and with a higher neural sensitivity, to non-alarming and positive scream calls. tened to the screams, their brain activity underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to monitor how they perceived, recognized, processed and categorized the sounds. "The frontal, auditory and limbic brain regions showed much more activity and neural connectivity when hearing nonalarm screams than when pro- therapeutic potential. While the healthy properties of probiotics in yogurt have been widely recognised, the study showed how these actually have the potential to be highly effective drugs, the researchers said. "These results are notable, since this is the first demonstration that virulence of human pathogenic bacteria can be mitigated by molecules secreted in probiotic milk products, such as yogurt or kefir," said Raz Jelinek, Professor at the BGU. "Following promising results in animal models, we look forward to administering these drug candidates to patients who are experiencing a cytokine storm due to Covid-19 infection, or people suffering from acute inflammatory bowel pathologies, such as Crohn's disease," Jelinek added. The researchers have formed a new company to develop and commercialise the technology. cessing alarm scream calls," explained Fruhholz. More complex social environments have reshuffled neurocognitive priorities It was previously assumed that human and primate cognitive systems were specially tailored for recognizing threat and danger signals in the form of screams. In contrast to primates and other animal species, however, human scream calls seem to have become more diversified over the course of human evolution -- something that Fruhholz considers to be a big evolutionary leap. "It's highly possible that only humans scream to signal positive emotions like great joy or pleasure. And unlike with alarm calls, positive screams have become increasingly important over time," he said. Researchers suggest that this may be due to the communicative demands brought about by humans' increasingly complex social environments. CMYK PAGE 8 ‘AahaarKranti’, a mission to spread awareness about nutrition NEW DELHI: To eradicate malnutrition from the country which persists even in the 21st century, a group of nearly a dozen key private as well as government institutes and Ministries have come up with "AahaarKranti", a mission dedicated to spread awareness about nutrition and accessibility to all locally available nutritious food, fruits, and vegetables in India. The aim of the 'AahaarKranti' development programme is to spread the message of a good diet to every citizen of the country. It is essential that every section of the society is involved to ensure that the message reaches all corners of the country. Studies estimate that India produces as much as two times the amount of calories it consumes. However, many in the country are still malnourished. The root cause of this strange phenomenon is a lack of nutritional awareness. Taking note of the situation, Vijnana Bharati (Vibha), its autonomous platform Global Indian Scientists and Technocrats Forum (GIST), Vigyan Prasar, and Pravasi Bharatiya Academic and Scientific Sampark (PRABHASS) came together to launch the mission 'AahaarKranti' with the motto of 'Good Diet - Good Cognition'. The 'AahaarKranti' movement is designed to address the problem being faced by India and the Representative photograph world -- 'hunger and disease in abundance'. The movement proposes to address the problem by working to sensitise the people to the val- ues and richness of India's traditional diet, to the healing powers of local fruits and vegetables, and to the miracles of a balanced diet, a Ministry of Health statement said. "It will renew the focus on nutritionally balanced diets replete in locally sourced fruits and vegetables." While Vijnana Bharati and ‘Global Indian Scientists and Technocrats' Forum initiated the programme, several other agencies have also joined hands and have agreed to pool in their expertise and resources. Besides, various central and state government ministries and agencies, the Department of Science and Technology's autonomous body Vigyan Prasar, and Pravasi Bharatiya Academic and Scientific Sampark are a part of this collaborative effort. More organisations are in the pipeline to join the Mission as it proceeds. Launching the iniimportance of a baltiative in virtual anced diet has THE AIM OF THE mode, Union Minister become more vital PROGRAMME IS for Health and than ever before", TO SPREAD THE Family Welfare Harsh the Minister said. MESSAGE OF A Vardhan expressed He appreciated GOOD DIET TO happiness, saying a that overseas Indian EVERY CITIZEN OF social welfare proscientists are in the THE COUNTRY. IT gramme like forefront of the camIS ESSENTIAL 'AahaarKranti' is paign. THAT EVERY SECbeing run at a time "It is a noble TION OF THE SOCI"when the country is effort to take the ETY IS INVOLVED reeling under the message of balanced TO ENSURE THAT onslaught of a pandiet to every Indian. THE MESSAGE demic like Covid-19 The Logo you have REACHES ALL. when a balanced diet created for the proserves as a special gramme is comtool to reduce the impact of the mendable and a slogan like Good pandemic". Diet - Good Thought brings all the "At such a time, the need to countrymen together", said create awareness about the Vardhan.