YK MYK FREIGHT CORRIDORS WILL HELP IN DEVP OF NEW GROWTH CENTRES NATION KOLKATA FRIDAY, 8 JAN, 2021 PG-12, YEAR—7, ISSUE—232 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) PRESIDENT TRUMP’S TWEETS TRIGGER CAPITOL HILL ‘SIEGE’ WEATHER TODAY MAX 26 C DEADLY DAY IN US MIN 16 C AT A GLANCE COVID STRUCK: INDIA'S FY21 GDP EXPECTED TO SHRINK BY 7.7% NEW DELHI: India's first advance estimate of national income on Thursday showed a contraction of 7.7 per cent in real GDP for FY 21. On a year-on-year basis, Asia's third largest economy had grown by 4.2 per cent in 2019-20. "Real GDP or GDP at Constant Prices (201112) in the year 2020-21 is likely to attain a level of Rs 134.40 lakh crore, as against the provisional estimate of GDP for the year 2019-20 of Rs 145.66 lakh crore, released on May 31, 2020," the First Advance Estimates of National Income for financial year 2020-21 said. "The growth in real GDP during 2020-21 is estimated at -7.7 per cent as compared to the growth rate of 4.2 per cent in 201920." TIME TO CANCEL TRAIN TICKETS BOOKED BETWEEN MARCH-JULY 2020 EXTENDED NEW DELHI: In a decision that would bring smiles on the faces of the rail passengers, the Indian Railways on Thursday decided to extend the time of cancellation of reserved train tickets booked between March 21 to July 31 last year from the ticket reservation counter from six months to nine months. LIFESTYLE & TRENDS Morning India Rs. 3 Sky will be partly cloudy. EAT AND DRINK TO YOUR HEART’S CONTENT IN 2021 NEW YORK: "We're going to walk down Pennsylvania Avenue ... and we're going to the Capitol ... we're going to try and give our Republicans ... the kind of pride and boldness that they need to take back our country". Outgoing US President Donald Trump gave his diehard mob precise instructions for the "wild" spectacle he wanted on January 6, and they unleashed mayhem at the US Capitol with relative ease. Now, he is finally backing off. After stewing for months over his "stolen election" fantasy, Trump finally acknowledged his defeat in the November 2020 election and announced there would be an "orderly transition on January 20th" after Congress certified Presidentelect Joe Biden's victory. "Even though I totally disagree with the outcome of the election, and the facts bear me out, nevertheless there will be an orderly transition on January 20th," Trump said in a statement posted to Twitter by his social media director Dan Scavino just before 4 a.m. on January 7. Trump's Twitter, Facebook and Instagram accounts have been muzzled for posting excusing and justifying violence. "While this represents the end of the greatest first term in presidential history, it's only the beginning of our fight to Make America Great Again!" Trump added. After Trump spent weeks spinning baseless claims that the election was stolen, his supporters stormed the US Capitol Wednesday and unleashed bedlam, smashing windows, and forcing lawmakers into hiding for hours until the National Guard was called in. WORLD BIDEN NOMINATES JUDGE MERRICK GARLAND AS US ATTORNEY GENERAL Members of the violent mob in the Capitol building. Police fired teargas as the rioters pushed inside the gleaming white edifice. Congress affirms Biden’s win over Trump after Capitol chaos WASHINGTON: For the first time since the November 2020 election, US President Donald Trump on Thursday conceded against Presidentelect Joe Biden, saying that there would be an "orderly transition of power" on January 20, shortly after Congress affirmed the Democrat's Electoral College victory. "Even though I totally disagree with the outcome of the election, and the facts bear me out, nevertheless there will be an orderly transition on January 20th. "I have always said we would continue our fight to ensure that only legal votes were counted. "While this represents the end of the greatest first term in presi- dential history, it's only the beginning of our fight to Make America Great Again," Trump said in a statement which was posted on the social media by senior White House aide Don Scavino since Twitter and Facebook temporarily blocked the President. Trump statement came shortly after Vice President Mike Pence announced before a joint session of Congress at about 4 a.m. on Thursday morning that Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris had won 306 votes over his and Trump's 232. On Wednesday night, lawmakers formally tabulated each state's Electoral College votes, a final step before Biden will be inaugurated as the country's 46th President. The joint session commenced on Wednesday after thousands of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol building, deemed as the citadel of American democracy, on Wednesday afternoon, forcing proceedings to count Electoral College votes cast in the November 3, 2020 presidential election to halt. COVID-19 VACCINES 'COVISHIELD', 'COVAXIN' TO BE AVAILABLE SOON CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 1,03,95,950 TOTAL DEATH: 150,373 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 87,786,541 TOTAL DEATH: 1,894,308 WASHINGTON: US President-elect Joe Biden has formally announced appellate court Judge Merrick Garland as his nominee for the post of the US attorney general. Biden announced the key nominations for the Department of Justice on Thursday. Besides Garland, Lisa Monaco, the homeland security adviser to former President Barack Obama, has been appointed to the post of deputy attorney general. In 2016, thenPresident Barack Obama nominated Garland to serve on the US Supreme Court, but his nomination languished in the Republican-controlled Senate at the end of the former president's term. Garland is a Department of Justice veteran and independent jurist on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. A consensus-builder, Judge Garland has worked under Democratic and Republican administrations. He led probe into some of the most highprofile cases and crises in modern history, including the "Unabomber". Preparation for 26th Kolkata International Film Festival at Nandan on Thursday. Prabir Bhattacharya NEW DELHI: Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan on Thursday said that the COVID-19 vaccines 'Covishield' and 'Covaxin' are on the verge of being available in the country. The Health Minister, while addressing a press conference, said, "COVID-19 vaccines 'Covishield' and 'Covaxin' are on the verge of being available in the country. Our efforts are to ensure seamless last mile delivery of the vaccine." The Minister further stated that some priority groups have been decided for vaccination as advised by experts' group. Minister Chandrima Bhattacharya press conference at Trinamool Bhawan on Thursday. Bengal farmer’s income has tripled since arrival of TMC, claims Chandrima Bhattacharya KOLKATA: Minister of State for Health and Trinamool State Women's President Chandrima Bhattacharya raised the issue of Nandigram martyrs at the beginning of a press conference at Trinamool Bhaban on Thursday. She informed that Trinamool is commemorating the martyrs with respect on this day. She reminded that Mamata Banerjee was always by the side of the people of Nandigram and Singur. The rest of those who are seen there now have gone for political gain. The name of Shuvendu Adhikari also came up in the context. Chandrima Bhattacharya said they did not feel the need to counter the demands of the former Trinamool leader. Because the people of Bengal know what Trinamool leader Mamata Banerjee has done for Nandigram! Farmers’ protest shouldn’t become replica of Tablighi meet, says SC NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Thursday asked the Centre what it has learnt from the Nizamuddin Markaz congregation earlier this year amid Covid-19, and the same situation may arise with the protesting farmers, if precautionary measures are not taken to contain the spread of Covid-19. Citing the ongoing farmers protest at various Delhi borders, a bench headed by Chief Justice S.A. Bobde asked the Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, "You must tell us what is happening?" The bench also comprising Justices A.S. Bopanna and V. Ramasubramanian queried further, whether farmers protesting at various Delhi borders are taking precaution to contain the spread of Covid-19. When the Solicitor General replied in negative, the top court said it could potentially become a situation like the Nizamuddin Markaz congregation in the national capital, which happened in March last year. Mehta replied that he will find the status. The top court asked the Centre to file a report on the steps taken so far to contain Covid and issued notice on a plea filed by Supriya Pandita through advocate Omprakash Parihar. The top court emphasized that it is concerned if precautions are not being taken against the spread of Covid in large gatherings. The bench said it is trying to ensure that Covid-19 does not spread and asked the Centre to ensure guidelines are strictly followed. Pandita had moved the top court questioning the role of Centre, Delhi government and Delhi police for allowing the huge congregation, including foreign delegates at Nizamuddin Markaz, which risked the health of people amid Covid-19. The top court also asked the Centre to issue guidelines for the prevention of large gatherings, and Mehta agreed to comply. Digital tools can enable in-class teaching in rural govt schools T eachers prefer in-class teaching over online classes as an effective method to teach students, according to a survey. Conducted digitally by Sampark Foundation, the survey included teachers in rural government schools across six states and aimed at better understanding the needs of government school teachers who are using remote learning tools to teach students during the coronavirus pandemic. The survey covered over 4,000 teachers from government schools in sub-urban and rural areas of Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. The survey also highlighted that majority of teachers have access to broadcasting medium such as television (50 per cent) THE KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FINDINGS ARE: 68 per cent requested videos on the curriculum that can be easily shared with children 60 per cent responded with the need for reading material and notes to be designed specifically for each class 51 per cent marked 'social platform' as a vital feature in learning apps to connect with other teachers and exchange ideas 46 per cent responded with 'question bank' as a key feature to prepare tests/worksheets 39 per cent are in favour of sending online assessments to students 31 per cent emphasised the need for a performance tracking dashboard, built in the learning app to monitor each student in a careful manner 68 per cent teachers voted for in-classroom teaching as an effective education method for children studying in primary government schools in rural areas 46 per cent respondents were in favour of live online classes via WhatsApp, video call or any other app 21 per cent were keen to record their own lectures and share with students via mobile phone followed with other infrastructure such as smartphones (40 per cent), feature phones (32 per cent) and radio (24 per cent). 44 per cent teachers emphasised the need for textbooks and notes to be handed over directly to students for effective learning. The survey also reported that 33 per cent teachers leverage videos shared on YouTube, Baithak, Diksha and other apps, to teach students. Teachers also agreed that broadcasting educational programs on television or radio might be an effective education method, provided the content is simple, interesting and impactful for students. Over 28 per cent teachers also stressed upon the importance of weekly visits to children's homes and teaching in a group of 3-5 students in one session. The survey found that chil- CONDUCTED DIGITALLY BY SAMPARK FOUNDATION, THE SURVEY INCLUDED TEACHERS IN RURAL GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS ACROSS SIX STATES AND AIMED AT BETTER UNDERSTANDING THE NEEDS OF GOVERNMENT SCHOOL TEACHERS WHO ARE USING REMOTE LEARNING TOOLS TO TEACH STUDENTS DURING THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC. dren in government schools in rural areas find directly calling teachers over phone, an effective medium to solve doubts and queries, which in turn improves learning outcomes. However, 59 per cent respondents also considered students discussing their queries and doubts with elder siblings, relatives, other educated people in their neighborhood. Close to 60 per cent of the teachers surveyed, are in favour of live video classes conducted by them on WhatsApp and over 40 per cent prefer to resolving student's queries once a week in person. The survey also highlighted peer-to-peer doubt resolution on a digital discussion forum, as an effective medium to solve student queries. Addressing impactful methods of learning assessment, 54 per cent teachers voted for online quiz while 52 per cent were in favour of questions asked during live online classes. 48 per cent found printed assessments as effective means of learning assessment and 25 per cent requested for an assessment app or an online platform for students.