YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 24 C MIN 10 C CASTE BALANCE IN BIHAR POLITY HAS UNDERGONE VAST CHANGES OPINION Sky will be clear. NATION Morning India Rs. 5 RANCHI MONDAY, 23 NOV, 2020 PG-12, YEAR—10, ISSUE—198 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) ASSEMBLY FOUNDATION DAY AT A GLANCE RUSSIA'S SPUTNIK V TO COST LOWER THAN PFIZER, MODERNA'S VAX EYE ON 2024 POLLS: NADDA TO GO ON 120-DAY NATIONWIDE TOUR Time to rejoice, examine shortcomings: Governor JHARKHAND SETS AN EXAMPLE IN FIGHTING PANDEMIC, SAYS CM SANJAY SAHAY MOSCOW: Russia's Sputnik V vaccine against Covid-19 will cost governments much lower than that of Pfizer's and Moderna's, the official Twitter handle of the world's first registered vaccine against the pandemic said on Sunday. "Translating pharma lingo: the announced price of Pfizer of $19.50 and Moderna of $25-$37 per dose actually means their price of $39 and $50-$74 per person. Two doses are required per person for the Pfizer, Sputnik V and Moderna vaccines. The price of Sputnik V will be much lower," said the tweet. EX-MINISTER LOSES BATTLE TO COVID RANCHI: Corona positive former minister OP Lala died on Sunday in RIMS, Ranchi. State Congress President cum State Finance and Food Supplies Minister Dr. Rameshwar Oraon, Legislature Party leader cum Rural Development Minister Alamgir Alam, Agriculture Minister Badal Patralekh, Health Minister Banna Gupta, and Congress spokesman Alok Dubey have condoled the death of Lala, a senior Congress leader and a minister in Unified Bihar. Oraon said that the party has suffered an irreparable loss due to the death of OP Lala, who has been in active politics for nearly five decades. He said that he had a commendable role in strengthening the party organization in the coalfield area and in connecting coal workers to Congress through INTUC. He said that the state has lost a great leader in the death of OP Lala. CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 9,127,942 TOTAL DEATH: 133,567 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 58,675,237 TOTAL DEATH: 1,389,261 RANCHI: The Establishment Day of Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha was observed with simplicity even as the top leaders of Jharkhand emphasized the need for soul searching for improving the functioning of the 'biggest panchayat' of the state. Governor Droupadi Murmu inaugurated the function in the presence of Chief Minister (CM) Hemant Soren, Speaker Rabindranath Mahto, ministers, and MLAs. The dignitaries honoured Shikaripada MLA Nalin Soren as the best MLA (Birsa Munda Utkrishta Vidhayak Samman) for 2020 apart from honouring the kin of martyrs, Covid warriors, and students in the function. Speaking on the occasion, the Governor stated that while we should rejoice the occasion, it is also time for introspection on our shortcomings. She said that elected representatives must rise above party politics and work for the development of the state. She said people have high expectations when they elect their representatives. Vidhan Sabha Speaker Rabindra Nath Mahto stated that we all should assess how far we have been successful in keeping the standards and ideals of the state assembly alive. He said that the assembly has played an important role in the development of the state, adding the present government will succeed in fulfilling the aspiration of the people. The CM stated that Jharkhand was moving ahead with renewed energy, which is enough to handle the challenges facing the state. He opined that the fight against Covid could be won with public support and asked the masses to obey the guidelines issued by the government till the vaccine is available. He claimed that Jharkhand has handled the Covid situation well, adding the state is moving towards achieving normalcy when many states are witnessing another wave of the virus. Soren stated that cooperation between the executive and the legislature has helped the state move forward in this era of the pandemic, adding Jharkhand has become an example before the country. He stated no one died of hunger in the state. The CM said that situation in several other states is alarming, adding a third wave has started after the condition became normal. Soren said the state has the resources to progress and earn a name at the international level. He said there is a need to change this crisis into an opportunity, adding that a disciplined and peaceful system in the state will attract investment in the state. He said that improvement in society could not be achieved by enforcing laws, adding every individual should work for the betterment of his or her personality and society. Parliamentary affairs minister Alamgir Alam said that it is the duty of public representatives to raise the problems of people in the assembly. He said MLAs generally indulge more in leveling allegations and counter-allegations and ignore the basic issues. After being awarded as the best MLA for 2020, MLA Nalin Soren said that he has always worked for the people of his region, adding they have responded by sending me to the House for seven consecutive times. He said, "It is due to the public support that he was able to win the best MLA award. I have repeatedly raised the demand of my region including setting up a High Court bench and improving irrigation facilities." Top Maoist carrying reward of Rs 10L gunned down in Gaya RAJ KUMAR RANCHI: Carrying a cash reward of Rs 10 lakh on his head Maoist Zonal commander of Kauleshwari Zone, Santosh Yadav alias Alok (32), was shot dead along with his two supporters in a joint operation of security personnel deputed for anti-naxal operation in Jharkhand and Bihar. The place where the zonal commander was killed is in Mahuwari, a village under Barachatti police station area of Gaya district in Bihar. The place is eight km from the border of Rajapur police station in Chatra district of Jharkhand. The breakthrough came a day after Jharkhand police DGP M.V.Rao held a meeting in Chatra and expressed his commitment to come down heavily against Maoists. Rao had reached the district after a coal trader was shot dead at Chhath ghat. Two supporters, who were killed, included Mukhia of Dhangaon Birendra Yadav and a villager Jairam Yadav. Bodies of all the deceased were kept at Magadh Medical College in Gaya for autopsy. I.G.(operations) of Jharkhand Police Saket Kumar Singh confirmed the breakthrough saying it was a big achievement for the police of both the states. "Over a dozen cases were registered against Santosh Yadav in Chatra district in Jharkhand," Singh said. A police official supported Singh saying while one dozen cases were in Jharkhand, over two dozen cases were registered against Yadav in Bihar. Sharing how the breakthrough came, the police official said: "the Maoist zonal commander had turned up in the village to kill someone when security personnel got a tip off and swung into action. A cultural function was going on when the Maoist opened fire seeing the security personnel and a gun battle started. Very soon the Maoist commander was shot dead," the police official said. A villager in Chatra said, "Yadav had joined Maoists after he was implicated in a murder case at the age of 14 and villagers locked down his house." Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses during the G20 Summit via video conferencing in New Delhi on Sunday. ANI India is exceeding Paris Agreement targets: Modi at G20 NEW DELHI: India is not only meeting its Paris Agreement targets but has also been exceeding them, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said at the G20 summit held virtually on Sunday. In his address at the G-20 Summit side event, "Safeguarding the Planet The Circular Carbon Economy Approach", he said that India has taken concrete action in many areas for clean climate. "We have made LED lights popular. This saves 38 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year. Smoke free kitchens have been provided to over 80 million households through our Ujjwala Scheme. This is among the largest clean energy drives globally," the Prime Minister told the member countries. Climate change, he said, must be fought not in silos but in an integrated, comprehensive and holistic way. "Inspired by our traditional ethos of living in harmony with the environment, and the commitment of my government, India has adopted low-carbon and climateresilient development practices," Modi said. Giving details about the efforts made by his government, he pointed out the campaign to eliminate single- use plastics. "Our forest cover is expanding; The lion and tiger population is increasing; We aim to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030; And, we are encouraging a circular economy." India is making next-generation infrastructure such as metro networks, water-ways and more, he said. In addition to convenience and efficiency, they will also contribute to a cleaner environment. The Prime Minister assured that India will meet its goal of 175 Giga Watts of renewable energy well before the target of 2022. "Now, we are taking a big step ahead by seeking to achieve 450 Giga Watts by 2030." The International Solar Alliance is among the fastest growing International Organisations, with 88 signatories. With plans to mobilise billions of dollars, train thousands of stake-holders, and promote research and development in renewable energy, the ISA will contribute to reducing carbon foot-print. Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)-18 countries -- including 9 from among the G20 and 4 international organisations -- has already started work on increasing resilience of critical infrastructure to prevent damage during natural disasters. NGT directs states, UTs to designate nodal Trilateral maritime agency for protection of water bodies exercise on in Andaman Sets Jan 21 deadline to take stock of situations SITMEX-20 NEW DELHI: Naval forces of India, Singapore, and Thailand are engaged in a trilateral maritime exercise 'SITMEX-20' in the Andaman Sea to strengthen mutual confidence and develop common understanding and procedures towards enhancing overall maritime security in the region. As part of the second edition of the exercise, Indian Navy ships, including indigenously built anti-submarine warfare corvette Kamorta, and missile corvette Karmuk, are participating. The twoday exercise began on Saturday, the Defence Ministry said on Sunday. The first edition of SITMEX, hosted by the Indian Navy, was conducted off Port Blair in September 2019. The SITMEX exercises are conducted to enhance mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices between the Indian Navy, Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN), and Royal Thai Navy (RTN). The 2020 edition of the exercise is hosted by RSN. RSN is represented by the 'Formidable' Class frigate 'Intrepid' and 'Endurance' Class Landing Ship Tank 'Endeavour' and RTN by the 'Chao Phraya' Class frigate 'Kraburi' in the exercise. The exercise, conducted as a 'non-contact, at sea only' exercise in view of COVID-19 pandemic, highlights growing synergy, coordination and cooperation in the maritime domain between the three navies and maritime neighbours. NEW DELHI: Noting that adequate steps for protection of water bodies have not been taken, the National Green Tribunal has directed all states and Union Territories (UTs) to designate a nodal agency for the exercise. The NGT directed that under the oversight of chief secretaries of States/UTs, the designated nodal agency may hold its meeting not later than January 31, 2021, to take stock of the situation and plan further steps, including directions to district authorities for further course of action. The tribunal asked the Central Monitoring Committee, formed for monitoring remediation of 351 polluted river stretches, to monitor the steps for restoration of water bodies by all the states periodically, at least thrice in a year. First such monitoring may take place by March 31, 2021, the tribunal said. "We find that steps taken so far can hardly be held to be adequate...It helps not only aesthetics but also water availability, aquatic life, microclimate, recharge of ground water and maintain- ing e-flow of the rivers. "Under the Public Trust Doctrine, the State has to act as trustee of the water bodies to protect them for the public use and enjoyment for cur- rent and future generations," a bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice A K Goel said. The tribunal was hearing a plea filed by petitioner Haryana resident Lt Col (retd) Sarvadaman Singh Oberoi seeking to restore Ghata Lake in Gurgaon besides restoration of 214 other water bodies and natural channels in the district and similar water bodies in Faridabad. The tribunal had expanded the scope of the petition to the entire country, in the interest of protection of the environment. Why true loss of smell, taste a godsend for many Covid patients NEW DELHI: Amid the growing Covid-19 scare is light at the end of the tunnel. If you experience true loss of smell and taste along with gastric trouble (read diarrhoea) as Covid-19 symptoms begin to appear, have heart as this generally means a good prognosis and no severe respiratory attack that normally sets in in the second week of the 14-day virus cycle. Observed worldwide, the phenomenon has now been documented by Indian health experts - as we enter the 10th month of Covid-19 pandemic -- and according to them, Covid-19 patients who show severe symptoms or end up in the ICU do not generally give a history of true loss of smell or taste. Those who observe coronavirus-induced loss of smell and taste generally feel an overpower- ing salty or sweet taste, and water tastes extremely sweet. If they try perfume, the alcohol part dominates the olfactory senses sans any fragrance. And it takes 3-4 weeks for smell or taste or both to come back. According to Dr. Arun Lakhanpal, chest physician, Interventional pulmonologist and Critical Care specialist, at Noidabased Yatharth Hospital, if true loss of smell and taste happens in the setting of Covid disease, which he is observing more often now, then it does indicate a good prognosis. "It is being increasingly noticed that people with loss of smell and taste which happens in about 40 per cent patients is generally a good prognostic sign," said Dr. Lakhanpal, who and his team has helped thousands of Covid-19 patients recover and go Health workers collecting swab samples from a girl for COVID-19 testing at India Gate in New Delhi, Sunday. ANI back home healthy. Dr. Sushila Kataria, Senior Director, Department of Internal Medicine, Medanta who is also leading the Covid team at Gurgaon-based Medanta, seconded Lakhanpal's observation. "Yes, most patients who have loss of smell and taste in my observation do not get severe disease. They do not require oxygen support and most of them do not require hospitalisation," Kataria told IANS. "So in a way I feel a loss of taste and smell sensation is a good sign. And that is kind of a prognostic factor that the patient will not deteriorate further". The reason for a loss of smell and taste and diarrhoea in Covid disease is not really known. "Sometimes the taste can go because there is a loss of smell as the two senses are linked. And it is said that the cause of it is the coronavirus infecting the cells around the nerves for smell and taste. This can recover within a week or even after the patient turning covid negative," Lakhanpal explained. It may take three to four weeks to get your smell and taste back, but reassuringly, the condition is reversible. One has to be aware that loss of smell and taste is not unique to coronavirus. It can also happen in a number of conditions, such as rhinitis, sinusitis, brain tumours, with some medications and diarrhoea can happen with various infections of the chest or abdominal infections. Another observation is that most of the people who have loss of smell and taste sensation are young. "But I have also observed few elderly patients also complaining of this loss of sensation, and they're usually mild cases. If someone is experiencing sudden loss of taste and smell sensation, then they should isolate themselves. This is invariably Covid and as these patients may themselves be mildly symptomatic but they do have a potential to spread the infection," Kataria advised. Do not take these symptoms lightly and isolate yourself, get tested for Covid-19 and follow all infection control practices. Monitor your temperature with a thermometer in the mouth every four hours and oxygen levels with the help of a pulse oximeter and seek medical advice if there is fever or a drop in oxygen saturation. "We are still learning about coronavirus and seeing newer and newer complications," said Lakhanpal.