YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 32 C MIN 21 C BJP IS GOING THE WHOLEHOG IN CHALLENGING DIDI IN 2021 POLLS NATION Sky will be clear. Rs. 3 KOLKATA WEDNESDAY, 18 NOV, 2020 PG-12, YEAR—7, ISSUE—182 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) IPL: CSK SHOULD RELEASE DHONI IF THERE'S MEGA AUCTION: CHOPRA SPORTS Morning India AT A GLANCE . DELHI MARKETS MAY SHUT, ONLY 50 PEOPLE IN CAPITAL WEDDINGS Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaking at BRICS Summit, via video conferencing, in New Delhi on Tuesday. ANI PM MODI CORNERS CHINA Asks BRICS to hold accountable state sponsors of terror; invites investors NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged the BRICS countries to hold accountable the state sponsors of terrorism, indirectly cornering Pakistan's ally China at the twelfth BRICS summit. In his opening remarks at the summit held virtually on Tuesday, Prime Minister Modi said, "Terrorism is the biggest problem facing the world today. We must ensure that the countries that support and assist the terrorists are also blamed, and this problem is dealt with in an organised manner." China, a member of BRICS (the group comprising five emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), has repeatedly shielded Pakistan from international censure at the United Nations Security Council, for sponsoring crossborder terrorism in India and Afghanistan. Reiterating that India has been a firm supporter of multilateralism as a founding member of the UN, PM Modi said, "Even in Indian culture, the whole world is treated as one family, so it was natural for us to support an institution like UN. Our commitment CHINA PUSHES WEAPONS INTO MYANMAR, INDIA; THREATENS REGIONAL SECURITY "TERRORISM IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM FACING THE WORLD TODAY. WE MUST ENSURE THAT THE COUNTRIES THAT SUPPORT AND ASSIST THE TERRORISTS ARE ALSO BLAMED, AND THIS PROBLEM IS DEALT WITH IN AN ORGANISED MANNER." Easy flow of Chinese weapons illegally into Myanmar and India is posing threats to regional security and stability, intelligence agencies have flagged to the Indian government. PG 7 PM Narendra Modi to UN values has remained unshaken - India has lost the most valiant soldiers in peacekeeping operations. But today the multilateral system is going through a crisis." Both credibility and effectiveness of institutions of global governance are being questioned, he said adding that the main reason for this is that these did not change properly over time. These are still based on the 75-year-old world mentality and reality. India believes reforms are very mandatory in the UN Security Council, he asserted. "We expect the support of our BRICS partners on this subject. Apart from the UN, many other international institutions are also not functioning as per current realities. Institutions like WTO, IMF, WHO should also improve," he said. Expressing his happiness over the finalisation of BRICS 'Counter-Terrorism Strategy' during the chairmanship of Russia, the Prime Minister said, it is an important achievement. "And India will pursue this task further during its presidency," he added. The theme of this year's summit was 'BRICS Partnership for Global Stability, Shared Security and Innovative Growth'. Significant geo-strategic changes are taking place in the world, which will continue to have an impact on stability, security and growth, and BRICS will play an important role in these three areas, PM Modi predicted. BRICS economies, Modi said, will play an important role in the post-Covid global recovery. "We have more than 42 per cent of the world's population, and our countries are among the main engines of global economy. There is a lot of scope for increasing mutual trade between BRICS countries," he said two days after the 10member Asean bloc signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) with its five FTA partners -Japan, China, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea. "Our mutual institutions and systems - such as BRICS Inter-Bank Cooperation Mechanism, New Development Bank, Contingent Reserve Arrangement and Customs Cooperation - can also make our contribution effective in global recovery," he said. Modi reiterated that India's vaccine production and delivery capacity will serve humanity. India and South Africa have proposed to be exempted from Intellectual Property agreements relating to Covid-19 vaccine, treatment and investigation. "We hope that other BRICS countries will also support this," he said. During its BRICS chairmanship next year, India will work on enhancing BRICS collaboration in digital health and traditional medicine, Modi announced. India, he said, will try to strengthen intra-BRICS cooperation in all the three pillars of BRICS, increase intra-BRICS solidarity and develop a solid institutional framework for this purpose. In 2021, 15 years of BRICS will be completed. Nitish Kumar allocates portfolios Bihar CM keeps home ministry, gives Tarkishore finance; Renu Devi gets panchayati raj PATNA: A day after taking oath for a new term along with his ministerial colleagues, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Tuesday allocated portfolios among them, keeping with himself home, general administration, vigilance and three more departments. Deputy Chief Minister Tarkishore Prasad got finance, commercial tax, environment, forest and disaster management, urban development and information technology departments. Another Deputy CM Renu Devi got panchayati raj, back- Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar arrives at the party office in Patna on Tuesday. ANI ward classes development, ECB and industry portfolios. Ashok Chaudhary got the CENTRE TO SC: NOT CORRECT TO SAY ENTIRE MEDIA IS PERPETRATING HATRED TOWARDS ONE COMMUNITY NEW DELHI: The Centre has informed the Supreme Court that it is not correct to say that entire media is perpetrating hatred towards one particular community, instead wide-ranging views and opinions have been expressed across media platforms on the Tablighi Jamaat issue, which are not communal in nature. The Information and Broadcasting Ministry, in an affidavit, has defended the media reports in connection with the Tablighi Jamaat event, which was held in March. "As a matter of journalistic policy, any section of the media may seek to highlight different events, issues and happenings across the world as per their choice", said the affidavit. The Centre submitted "regime of forbearance allowed different sections of the media to function with the freedoms guaranteed in the Constitution". This gives choice to the viewer either to see all or any sides of a particular view or to choose a particular side on any events, issues and happenings across the world. The affidavit added that wide-ranging views and opinions have been expressed across media platforms on the Tablighi Jamaat issue, which are not communal in nature. charge of building construction, social welfare, minority affairs, and Mewa Lal Chaudhary the education portfolio. Interestingly, Chaudhary had lost the Cabinet birth last time after his name cropped up in an alleged scam in the recruitment of lecturers in an agriculture university. Vijay Kumar Chaudhary got the charge of rural development, rural engineering, water resources, information and broadcasting and parliamentary affairs. Sheela Kumari got transport, and Santosh Kumar Sharan SC/ST affairs and minor irrigation. Mukesh Sahani is the new Minister for animal husbandry and fisheries. Mangal Pandey has retained the health portfolio, apart from road construction, art and culture. Amrendra Pratap Singh has got the agriculture, cooperatives and sugarcane portfolios. Ram Preet Paswan has got the charge of public health engineering and Ram Surat Kumar the revenue and law portfolios. Jivesh Kumar will shoulder the responsibility of tourism, mines and labour departments. NEW DELHI: Amid unprecedented surge in Covid-19 cases in Delhi, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Tuesday announced that markets may be shut once again as a precautionary measure and only 50 people will be allowed in weddings not 200, as per strict norms aimed at curbing further spread of the Coronavirus. Kejriwal was speaking to the media here two days after he met Union Home Minister Amit Shah on the issue following an unprecedented record single-day spike of 8,500 cases and overall, 51,000 cases last week. Kejriwal said the Delhi government has sent a proposal to Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal. 3654 fresh case of COVID -19 reported in Bengal KOLKATA: The COVID-19 toll in West Bengal mounted to 7,766 on Tuesday after 52 more people succumbed to the disease, the bulletin released by the state health department said. The tally also pushed to 4,38,217 with 3,654 fresh cases of infection were reported from different districts of the state, it said. Since Monday, 4,388 recoveries were reported which improved the discharge rate to 92.04 per cent. Accordingly, the number of active cases thus stood at 27,111, the bulletin added. In the last 24 hours, 44,238 samples have been tested in the state. CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 8,884,231 TOTAL DEATH: 130,651 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 55,516,793 TOTAL DEATH: 1,335,308 Former state minister and senior Trinamool Congress leader Madan Mitra at the Kartik Puja of Bhawanipore United Youth Forum at the city’s Jadubazar area on Tuesday. ‘Jungle Book’ is this year’s theme of the puja which completed 20 years in 2020. Indian MSME products to showcase in virtual store by ICC KOLKATA: City based Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) today announced the launch of a State-of-the-Art Web Store here in December not only to showcase exquisite collection of Indian Textile, Handloom, Apparel, Garments, Khadi and Jute products of various Small and Medium sector units, but also to boost their sales in global markets.. This three-Day long global online 'Local to Global' exhibition for Indian products from 14 to 16 December is part of the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Campaign, informed Rajeev Singh, Director General, Indian Chamber of Commerce. Speaking here this afternoon, Dr Singh said the Web Store, the first of its kind in India, would hold Virtual Buyer Seller Meets and would be backed by the Indian Missions in the Middle East, Europe the USA and Latin America. The unique event was all set to encourage a large number of international buyers and Indian sellers to participate, interact and expand networks worldwide. 'The exhibit will mainly focus on business to business dialogues and enterprises', he said. According to Dr Singh, as India was all set for an economic resurgence despite the COVID outbreak when the business had taken an immense hit and the industry had seen its all-time low, ICC took this special initiative to bring forth its platform to the Indian sellers where they could exhibit their products at a very low price and start a fresh dialogue with their international importers to tap into the international markets Following the successful staging of “Textile E-Sourcing Fair” in October, 2020, with an overwhelming success, ICC had now planned to compliment the successful event one more time with this upcoming Virtual Web Store in December, Dr Singh pointed out. VACCINE PROGRESS PAVES WAY FOR RISK ON STOCKS RALLY NEW DELHI: Vaccine development and US policy certainty have paved the way for risk on rally in the global stock markets. After two years of sustained polarization, markets have broad-based both within and outside the Nifty, with mid cap and small cap indices outperforming the Nifty year to date. A report by Centrum Broking said the Pfizer vaccine is expected to be available to GAVIS signatories as early as end December thus bringing possible solution to the most disruptive event of the century. These significant developments have changed the global sentiments, world markets have rejoiced and started a fresh global risk on rally. In India, a falling caseload curve coupled with the better than expected economic rebound have also supported the positive sentiments. Alongside, RBI's continuous accommodative stance of low interest rates will also help the economic rebound further, the report said. Even FY22E for Nifty50 shows a strong growth of 21 per cent, given it is coming from a low base. "Therefore, we believe that it is time to move away from a defensive portfolio and add beta to the portfolio. We are betting on faster economic recovery.” Cucumber Peels found very useful for Packaging Materials:IIT Kharagpur Researchers claim KOLKATA: As nutrition experts all over the world usually go gaga about the nutritional values of cucumber and its richness as a valuable vegetable which is used for preparing salads and several mouth-watering culinary items with high digestive qualities, is now found to be very useful for producing food packaging materials too. According to a recent study done by two researchers of IIT Kharagpur, though most of the people usually throw away the cucumber peels after the food preparation, it was found that they had the necessary quality to be successfully developed into cellulose nano-crystals with high cellulose content, compared to other peel wastes. This in turn could be used to create food packaging materials. While single-use plastic is consciously being avoided by the conscious consumers, they still remain largely in circulation as food packaging items. Natural biopolymers are unable to make way in this industry as they lack strength, elongation, barrier property, optical property, and in some cases even biological safety, the researchers have pointed out. In this context, the cellulose nano-material developed by Professor Jayeeta Mitra and the research scholar N. Sai Prasanna at IIT Kharagpur from raw cucumber waste, has addressed this challenge. They said in India, cucumber finds wide use in salads, pickles, cooked vegetables or consumed raw and also in the beverage industry leading to a large volume of peel bio-waste which is rich in cellulose content. “Cucumbers generate about 12 per cent residual wastes obtained after processing either the peels or whole slices as waste. 'We have used the celluloses, hemi-cellulose, pectin extracted from this processed material for deriving new bio-materials which are useful as nano-fillers in bio-composites,” said Dr. Mitra, who is the Assistant Professor of IIT Kharagpur at the Department of Agricultural and Food Engineering. Speaking about the findings, she further added, “Our study shows that cellulose nanocrystals derived from cucumber peels possess modifiable properties due to the presence of abundant hydroxyl groups, which resulted in better biodegradability and biocompatibility. These nanocellulose materials emerged as strong, renewable and economic material of the near future, due to unique properties like a high surface area to vol- ume ratio, light in weight, and excellent mechanical properties. Thereby, such nanocrystals, when reinforced as nano-fillers in biocomposites films, can produce effective food packaging materials with low oxygen permeabilities." The present study revealed that cucumber peels possessed greater cellulose content (18.22 per cent) than the other peel wastes. It also provided better insights into their crystalline, thermal and colloidal properties of cucumber cellulose.