YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 28 C MIN 22 C DELHI CM LAUNCHES ANTI-AIR POLLUTION CAMPAIGN NATION Rainfall may occur. Rs. 5 RANCHI TUESDAY, 6 OCTOBER, 2020 PG-12, YEAR—10, ISSUE—155 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 6,650,456 TOTAL DEATH: 103,005 WORLD Compensation cess of Rs 20,000 cr to be distributed to states: FM GST Council to meet again on Oct 12 TOTAL DEATH: 1,043,507 KOLKATA: West Bengal Governor Jagdeep Dhankar on Monday said the body of BJP party Councillor Manish Shukla, who was allegedly murdered in Titagarh has not been handed over for over 20 hours and it indicates "cover up". "Anguished to gather from Kailash Vijayvargiya that Manish Shukla dead body not handed over now for over 20 hours. Insensitive approach of West Bengal Police and Mamata Banerjee. Such actions indicate cover up. Time to be civil and fair and bust terror," Dhankar tweeted. BJP's Central Observer for West Bengal, Kailash Vijayvargiya demanded Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) into the matter. BJP Lok Sabha MP from Barrackpore Arjun Singh alleged that the accused came from Trinamool chief whip in the Assembly Nirmal Ghosh's residence in Sodepur. "They have been lying all the time (about handing over the body). They have got instructions from Nabanna (state secretriat) to delay (in handing over the body). It is possible that they might try to dispose of the body. That's why we are sitting here (outside hospital). For sure, we will register FIR against doctors here because post mortem is yet not conducted after sunset," Singh told ANI. "This is a conspiracy. When CBI will come, it will find the real truth. This killing was done by Commissionerate. Accused came from Trinamool chief whip in the Assembly Nirmal Ghosh's residence in Sodepur," he said. West Bengal Police said that it is investigating the crime and looking into all possible reasons including personal enmity because the victim was accused in some cases of murder and attempt of murder. "A person was shot dead last evening in Titagarh area of Barrackpore. Police is investigating the crime and looking into all possible reasons including personal enmity because the victim was accused in some cases of murder and attempt of murder," West Bengal Police tweeted. "Please do not jump on conclusion without proper investigation. Irresponsible comments on social media tantamount to interference in the investigation. Please refrain from this," the police tweeted. CINEMA &SCREEN Morning India TOTAL CASES: 35,525,695 WB Guv hints at BJP leader's murder cover up TV STAR SARA KHAN RECOVERS FROM COVID, RETURNS TO SHOOTING NEW DELHI : Several decisions were taken at the 42nd meeting of GST Council held on Monday with Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman stating that compensation cess collected this year amounting to about Rs 20,000 crore will get disbursed to all states by tonight. Briefing reporters after the GST meeting, she said the GST Council has taken up the long-pending issue of Integrated Goods and Services Tax. Earlier there was no formula for devolution of Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST), which had resulted in several anomalies in its distribution, she said. The minister said that compensation cess collected this year so far, amounting to about Rs. 20,000 crore, will get disbursed to all states tonight. A committee under the chairmanship of Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Modi has been formed to settle the issue of IGST. Meanwhile, the GST Council will meet again on October 12 to discuss and try to reach a consensus between state governments and the Centre on the borrowing options for GST compensation, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said. The decision taken to meet again in October was suggested by Bihar Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister Sushil Modi, after the Council's Monday meet failed to break the deadlock between the Centre and the state governments on the issue of compensation. Addressing a press conference after the meet, Sitharaman said that only because 20 states accepted Option 1, does not mean that Therapeutic, diagnostics, vaccines only way out of pandemic: Harsh Vardhan New Delhi: Therapeutic, diagnostics and vaccines for the whole world is the only way out of this pandemic, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said on Monday. Addressing the special session of World Health Organisation (WHO) Executive Board, Vardhan said, "We all understand that therapeutic, diagnostics and vaccines for whole world, only way out of this pandemic. Global collaboration is paramount. Governments, Industry and Philanthropy must pool resources to pay for the risk, the research, manufacturing and distribution but with the condition that rewards would be available to everyone regardless of where they have been developed." "We also understand that strengthening emergency preparedness and risk management, key to addressing health risk posed by emerging diseases and progress towards sustainable Vardhan also acknowledged the member states for displaying solidarity to help each other during evolving pandemic. development goals," added Vardhan who is also the chairman of WHO Executive Board. Vardhan also acknowledged the member states for displaying solidarity to help each other during evolving pandemic. "I must take this opportunity to acknowledge all member states for acting with speed and scale during the rapidly evolving pandemic and displaying solidarity to help each other on a bilateral as well as a multilateral basis. The hard work and determination demonstrated by the countries have saved countless lives," he said. Speaking at the virtual event Vardhan said everyone at WHO should rise to the occasion to reaffirm the fundamental truth that world is one. "I believe, we at WHO must all rise to the occaission to save the powerless and the voiceless to hopes in these darkest of hours. This is one chance, one moment to forge open collaborations and reaffirm the fundamental truth that the world is one," he said. it can be thrust upon others. "We need to talk further." In a sober tone, she said: "I was gently reminded that I can not take anybody for granted... Although I don't take anybody for granted." Earlier at the 41st meeting of the GST Council, the Centre had proposed two options to state governments to cover the compensation gap and meet their expenditure requirements amidst the Covid-19 disruption. The first option given by the Centre is to provide a special borrowing window to states, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, to provide Rs 97,000 crore at a "reasonable" interest rate. The debt, along with accrued interest, can then be repaid to the states after five years from collection of cess. At Monday's meeting, the Council also recommended extension of GST cess beyond the transition period of five years i.e. beyond June 2022 for such period as may be required to meet the revenue gap. The Centre had also proposed to give a further relaxation of 0.5 per cent in states' borrowing limit under the FRBM Act as the second leg of the first option. This will allow states to borrow more unconditionally to cover their earning shortfall on accounts of GST and Covid-19. States can choose to borrow more, beyond the expected compensation itself, since that is the injury caused by ANURAG THAKUR RANCHI: The State on Monday reported 816 cases of Covid-19 taking the total tally to 88026. Four deaths were also reported, one each from Ranchi, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur and Chaibasa. Earlier, 933 cases were reported on Sunday. Among the samples tested positive, 478 cases were reported from Ranchi, 27 from Chaibasa, 3 from Koderma, 70 from Jamshedpur, 22 from Giridih, 35 from Garhwa, 18 from Palamu, 28 from Ramgarh, 7 from Deoghar, 50 from Bokaro, 43 from Dhanbad, 20 from Hazaribagh, 47 from Saraikela, 32 from Khunti, 8 from Dumka, 11 from Latehar, 8 from Sahibganj, 9 from Godda and 6 from Jamtara. Education Minister Jagarnath Mahto tweeted saying he is fine on Monday. Meanwhile, 1284 patients recovered from the virus and returned home. Maximum 478 patients recovered from the virus in Ranchi, 236 in Jamshedpur, 100 from Dhanbad, 37 from Chaibasa, 48 from Garhwa, 32 from Hazaribagh and 38 from Saraikela. Nitish did not fulfill people's expectations: Chirag Paswan NEW DELHI: Expressing "complete trust" in Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) chief Chirag Paswan on Monday said that Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has not been able to fulfil expectations of people of Bihar and said the spirit of "double engine ki sarkar" should be followed correctly to implement the vision on the ground. "I have complete trust in PM Narendra Modiji. The spirit with which the Prime Minister mentioned 'doubleengine ki sarkar' (doubleengine government), if it is followed correctly, then his vision can be implemented on the ground," Chirag Paswan told ANI. Chirag Paswan also said LJP will not form an alliance with the opposition 'Mahagathbandhan' (grand alliance) after the Bihar elections. "We have never done a post-poll alliance. We have always been into the pre- poll alliance," he told ANI. He said the benefits of development schemes have not reached the grassroots under Nitish Kumar. "We had many expectations from the present Bihar CM, but he hasn't fared well on those counts. Today, it's a matter of concern for me what is the Bihar CM's idea of development. The benefits of schemes haven't reached the grassroots," Chirag Paswan said. Asked if he is taking a political risk by not being part of NDA in Bihar, the LJP leader said "we have spent many years in our comfort zone" and someone has to take the risk in order to bring Bihar on the top. "If I had to choose an easier path, I would have joined the 'gathbandhan', but I choose the difficult path to give Bihar its due and bring back the state's lost pride," he said. On being asked if he will gather votes in the name of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the younger Paswan said "Nobody has to ask for votes in his name. I believe in him." He further said that he is not upset with any particular person but he has always been worried about the state. "The way developmental work should take place in Bihar, people go out of Bihar in search of jobs. This system has been continuing for so many years. We had many expectations from the Chief Minister but if you see his tenure from 2005 to 2020, he did not fulfil the expectations during this period," Chirag Paswan said. "I have been working on the Bihar First, Bihari First document, which has been prepared by LJP. I have prepared this after getting inspired by PM Modi. I have always insisted that this vision document should be incorporated (in the plan of governance). Why don't we get opportunities within our state itself? People have to go out for studies and jobs. I came to politics with this vision," he added. The LJP on Sunday decided not to contest the Bihar assembly elections with Chief Minister Nitish Kumar as the leader of the coalition. The LJP will not contest which are being contested by the BJP but will fight from those being contested by JD-U. State students shine in JEE-Advanced We want India to be RK Mission student bags 120th rank, Dhanbad girl 177, DPS Ranchi boy gets 259th rank SANJAY SAHAY RANCHI:Ramkrishna Mission Vidyapeeth Deoghar student Souravdeep Das bagged AIR 120 in the joint entrance examination-Advanced. The school informed that Das is placed second in the scheduled caste category. Anushka of Doon Public School Dhanbad has secured all India rank (AIR) 177 in the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)Advance, the results of which were declared on Monday. She was the state topper in female category in JEE-Mains with 99.97 percentile. She passed ICSE with 98.2 percent from Carmel school and class XII with 96.4 percent from Doon Public School. This was her first attempt in JEE. Anushka said she believed in studying early in morning duringpreparations. She added her parents were her role model who helped resolve all her problems. Meanwhile, DPS Ranchi informed that Dayal Kumar of the school has secured AIR 259 in the JEE Advanced 2020 while Akshat Kumar has AIR-290. The school stated Dayal had secured 99.99 percentile in the JEE Mains 2020 declared by National Testing Agency for the September Examination. It further stated a 0round 55 students of DPS Ranchi registered success in the JEE Advance adding reports of more students are still coming. It may be stated here that JEE-Advance is applicable for admission to NITs, IITs, and CFTIs. More than 1.6 lakh students had registered for JEE Advance 2020 from across the country. IIT-Delhi had conducted the JEEAdvance exam this year, for admission to IITs across the country. Dayal said that one needs to get guidance from experts in order to do well in the JEEAdvance. The principal Dr. Ram Singh said that students have worked very hard for the prestigious exam and have delivered the desired results. Meanwhile, Kumar Devesh of DBMS English School emerged city's topper with AIR 339 in the JEE (Advance). Pranshu Gaur of DPS Bokaro topped the school with AIR-537 even as the school said that over two dozen students have qualified in the examination. Sarla Birla Public School informed that its student Pranjal Pratyush has qualified in theexamination. (See also pages 2,3 4) Dozens of mammals could be susceptible to Covid virus LONDON : About 26 animals that come in regular contact with people may be vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, says a study. The researchers found that most birds, fish, and reptiles do not appear to be at risk of infection, but the majority of the mammals they reviewed could potentially be infected. They predict possible infection in domestic cats, dogs, mink, lions, and tigers, all of which have had report- the pandemic. The second option was to meet the entire GST compensation gap, estimated at Rs 2.35 lakh crore, this year itself, through borrowings after consulting the RBI. The borrowing window, through the RBI, will allow states to mobilise debt at uniform rates linked to government bonds. The states have the option to borrow less or more depending on the need. As per Finance Ministry estimates, the GST compensation gap in FY21 is expected to be staggering Rs 2.35 lakh crore, as the Centre expects to collect mere Rs 65,000 crore from GST cess due to Covid-impacted, subdued economic activity. State records 816 new cases, 1284 defeat virus ed cases, as well as ferrets and macaques, which have been infected in laboratory studies, according to the study published in the journal Scientific Reports. "We wanted to look beyond just the animals that had been studied experimentally, to see which animals might be at risk of infection, and would warrant further investigation and possible monitoring," said lead author Christine Orengo, Professor at University College London. "The animals we identi- fied may be at risk of outbreaks that could threaten endangered species or harm the livelihoods of farmers. The animals might also act as reservoirs of the virus, with the potential to re-infect humans later on, as has been documented on mink farms." For the study, the researchers investigated how the spike protein from SARSCoV-2 could interact with the main cellular receptor for the virus in humans called angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2). The focus of the investigation was whether mutations in the ACE2 protein in 215 different animals, that make it different from the human version, would reduce the stability of the binding complex between the virus protein and host protein. Binding to the protein enables the virus to gain entry into host cells. While it is possible the virus might be able to infect animals via another pathway, it is unlikely based on current evidence that the virus could infect an animal if it cannot form a stable binding complex with ACE2. The researchers found that for some animals, such as sheep and great apes (chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, and bonobo, many of which are endangered in the wild), the proteins would be able to bind together just as strongly as they do when the virus infects people. Some of the animals, such as sheep, have not yet been studied with infection tests, so this does not confirm that the animal can indeed be infected. The research team also performed more detailed structural analyses for certain animals, to gain a better understanding of how infection risks may differ across animal species. By comparing their findings to other experimental data, they set thresholds to predict which animals are at risk of infection, and which ones most likely cannot be infected. AI global hub: PM NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday said that the government wants India to become a global hub for Artificial Intelligence (AI) and noted that the National Education Policy 2020 focuses on technology-based learning and skilling as a major part of education. Speaking at the RAISE 2020 Virtual Summit, he said that technology has improved transparency and service delivery in the country. "Raise 2020 is a great effort to encourage discussion on Artificial Intelligence. You all have rightly highlighted aspects relating to technology and human empowerment. Technology has transformed workplaces, it improved connectivity. This merger between social responsibility and AI will enrich AI with the human touch. AI is a tribute to human intellectual power," PM Modi said. "The teamwork of AI with humans can do wonders for our planet. In India, we have experienced that technology improves transparency and service delivery. We want India to become a global hub for AI. Many Indians are already working on this. I hope many more do so in the times to come," he said. The Prime Minister said that it remains a collective responsibility to ensure trust in how AI is used. "Algorithm Transparency is key to establishing this Trust. Equally important is accountability. We must protect the world against the weaponisation of AI by nonstate actors," he said. "While we discuss AI, let also have no doubts that human creativity and human emotions continue to be our greatest strength. They are our unique advantage over machines," he added. PM Modi said that India has recently adopted the National Education Policy 2020 which focuses on technology-based learning and skilling as a major part of education. "E-courses will also be developed in various regional languages and dialects," he said. The Prime Minister highlighted that the government launched 'Responsible AI for Youth' programme this year in April. "Under this programme, more than 11,000 students from schools completed the basic course. They are now building their AI projects," he said.