YK MYK WEATHER TODAY MAX 30 C MIN 22 C MODI GOVT IS ENSLAVING LABOUR TO APPEASE BIG CORPORATES OPINION Sky will be partly cloudy. Rs. 3 KOLKATA THURSDAY, 1 OCTOBER, 2020 PG-12, YEAR—7, ISSUE—139 (RNI NO: WBENG / 2014 / 56803) OFFERED RS 14K CR TO BANKS AS SETTLEMENT: MALLYA'S UB TELLS SC NATION Morning India AT A GLANCE NEW UNLOCK GUIDELINES INDIA SUCCESSFULLY TEST-FIRES BRAHMOS MISSILE States free to decide on schools reopening after Oct 15 BHUBANESWAR: India on Wednesday successfully test-fired an extendedrange supersonic cruise missile BrahMos with an indigenous booster from a test facility off the Odisha coast. The missile was launched around 10.30 am from a mobile launcher at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Balasore district, sources said. An IndoRussian joint venture, BrahMos missile has a strike range of about 400 km. NEW DELHI: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on Wednesday left it to the states and union territories to decide on reopening of schools and coaching institutions after October 15 in a graded manner. Earlier, schools were partially reopened from September 21 in compliance with Unlock 4 guidelines. In fresh guidelines for further reopening of the country amid the pandemic, the MHA stated, "For re-opening of schools and coaching institutions, State and UT Governments have been given NEW CHIEF SECRETARY TAKES OVER CHARGE FROM TODAY KOLKATA: Wednesday, Chief Secretary Rajiv Sinha retired. Since Thursday, new Chief Secretary Alapan Bandyopadhyay will handle the responsibility. Before retiring, Sinha shared the tricks of his colleagues to become a better administrative officer. He advised to renounce inability to take decisions. He shared his experiences regarding the mentality of administrative officers. According to the information received from the sources, Sinha said that in most of the cases, decision making should not be avoided. One must keep a clear stance on any subject and should also be recorded in government files. It is also important to choose the right person for the right job. Personal likes or dislikes should not be allowed to be an obstacle in work. To colleagues, Sinha said that if a decision is not taken on any subject then common people have a problem. When the administration is silent, public opinion is not right about the administration. Sinha said that till now he cannot take all the things he has learned and known as an administrative officer with him. So they have shared their experiences with the next generation of officers. CORONA METER INDIA TOTAL CASES: 6,245,404 TOTAL DEATH: 97,761 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 33,918,646 TOTAL DEATH: 1,013,917 the flexibility to take a decision after 15th October 2020, in a graded manner. The decision shall be taken in consultation with the respective school or institution management, based on their assessment of the situation." The ministry, however, clarified that online or distance learning will continue to be the preferred mode of teaching and should be encouraged. "Where schools are conducting online classes, and some students prefer to attend online classes rather than physically attend school, they may be permitted to do so." The guidelines added, "Students may attend schools or institutions only with the written consent of parents. Attendance must not be enforced and must depend entirely on parental consent." States and UTs have been asked to prepare their own standard operating procedures (SOP) regarding health and safety precautions for reopening of schools and institutions based on the guidelines to be issued by the Department of School Education and Literacy under the Ministry of Education. "Schools, which are allowed to open, will have to mandatorily follow the SOP to be issued by Education Departments of States and UTs. The Department of Higher Education (DHE), Ministry of Education may take a decision on the timing of the opening of colleges and higher education institutions, in consultation with the MHA," it added. Higher Education Institutions, only for research scholars and post-graduate students in science and technology streams that require laboratory or experimental work will be permitted to open from October 15. Covid death toll in Bengal touches 4958 with 59 deaths today KOLKATA: The total number of casualties due to Covid-19 pandemic in West Bengal went up to a record 4,958 this evening following the deaths of another 59 people during the last 24 hours in different hospitals, posing a grim picture of the overall situation. At the same time another record number of 3,281 people tested Covid-19 positive in the state causing concern for all for its unabated rapid growth. Informing this the latest Medical Bulletin issued by the state Health department here tonight said in the wake of an unabated surge in the number of infected people in one day, like a record number of 3,281 people today, the absolute number of those affected by Corona virus in Bengal crossed a record 2.57 lakhs today to touch the figure of 2,57,049, up from 2,53,768 yesterday Among today's 59 new casualties,20 were the residents of Kolkata and 23 belonged to North 24 Parganas and Howrah, while the rest were from other districts of South and North Bengal,the Bulletin said. Of the record number of 3,281 fresh Covid cases in one day in the state, the maximum 2234 were from Kolkata alone, followed by those from other districts,the bulletin said. BABRI MOSQUE DEMOLITION CASE BSF SEIZED PHENSEDYL AND GANJA ON SOUTH BENGAL FRONTIER ALL ACCUSED ACQUITTED BY SPECIAL CBI COURT LUCKNOW: A Special CBI court hearing the Babri mosque demolition case of December 6, 1992, has acquitted all 32 accused saying the act of demolition was spontaneous and not a planned move. Those acquitted in the case include former Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani, former Union Ministers M.M. Joshi, Uma Bharti, former Chief Minister Kalyan Singh and Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, among others. Special CBI judge S.K. Yadav, in his verdict, said that the demotion was not a planned incident but a spontaneous act. The court further said the CBI had failed to substantiate the charges levelled against the 32 accused persons for the past 28 years. The court also said that the video recordings submitted to the court were 'tampered with'. As soon as the court announced the acquittal of the STORY 10 The demolition of accused, jubilation broke out outside the court, in Ayodhya and Lucknow, where supporters of the leaders were present to celebrate the occasion. Defence T Minister Rajnath Singh, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak PAGE 10 Sangh have welcomed the verdict by a Special CBI court acquitting all the 32 accused in the Babri Masjid demolition case. A special CBI court in Lucknow finally gave its verdict on Wednesday in the Babri Masjid demolition on December 6, 1992, acquitting all the 32 accused, including former Deputy Prime Minister and senior BJP leader LK Advani, former Union Minister Murli Manohar Joshi, former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh and BJP leaders Uma Bharti and Vinay Katiyar. Reacting to the verdict, Rajnath Singh said, "Lucknow Special Court pronounced verdict in the Babri structure demolition case which states that none of the 32 people, including L.K. Advani, Kalyan Singh, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti was found to be part of a conspiracy in demolishing the Babri Masjid structure. This decision proves that though justice came late but MORE ON PG 7 it triumphed." ADVANI HAILS VERDICT, SAYS IT VINDICATES HIM & BJP CMYK SPECIAL www.sanmarglive.com Morning India RANCHI, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2020 Babri Mosque The Babri Masjid in Ayodhya was demolished on December 6, 1992, but the case moved at a snail's pace due to judicial delays. he Babri demolition case has lost much its steam after the Supreme Court, on November 9, 2019, allowed construction of Ram temple at the disputed site where the mosque once stood in Ayodhya, settling the land dispute. Majority of the accused leaders in the demolition case have already pleaded innocence and blamed the then Congress government for falsely implicating them in the case due to political reasons. According to legal experts, if convicted, veteran leaders like L.K. Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharti, Vinay Katiyar, Sadhvi Rithambhara, Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, Champat Rai Bansal, Ram Vilas Vedanti, Dharmadas and Satish Pradhan would have faced maximum imprisonment up to five years for conspiracy. If former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, BJP MP Sakshi Maharaj and then Ayodhya district magistrate R.N. Srivastava are convicted, they may get maximum three years of jail term. The remaining accused, including BJP MPs Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh and Lallu Singh and 17 others, are also facing charges under Section 395 (committing dacoity) which may invite life imprisonment if the court records their conviction. "All the accused, if convicted, can move the high court to challenge the verdict," said a senior lawyer. Special judge Surendra Kumar Yadav, on May 30, 2017, had framed charges against Advani, Joshi, Bharti, Katiyar and Rithambhara for conspiracy under Section 120 B of IPC read with sections 147, 149, 153(a), 153(b) and 505(1)(b) of IPC. Mahant Nritya Gopal, Ram Vilas Vedanti, Dharmadas and Satish Pradhan are facing charges under Section 295 of IPC in addition to Sections 147, 149, 153(a), 153(b) and 505(1)(b). The CBI and defence lawyers have filed separately as many as 850 pages in their written arguments. Interestingly, Wednesday's verdict will be the last in the service period of special judge S.K. Yadav, whose tenure was extended by the Supreme Court as he retired on September 30, 2019, till delivery of the verdict by September 30, 2020. It may be recalled that exactly 10 years ago, on September 30, 2010 -- a three-judge bench of the Allahabad High Court had delivered the verdict in the Ayodhya title suit, which was later challenged in Supreme Court. The Babri Masjid in Ayodhya was demolished on December 6, 1992, but the case moved at a snail's pace due to judicial delays. The trial only began in 2010, and proceeded at a slow pace till the Supreme Court ordered day-to-day hearings on April 19, 2017, and said that the judge hearing the case, S.K. Yadav, would not be transferred. Meanwhile, the defence lawyers representing the accused too have their paperwork ready - whether the accused are convicted or acquitted, the defence will have to move bail pleas. "In case there is an acquittal, we will have to move bail under 437 CrPC by furnishing a personal bond for each person. In case they are convicted, then we will move bail on the same day before the same court so that they are not sent to judicial custody," a defence lawyer, who did not wish to be named, said. Over the years, the Ayodhya case has seen several witnesses narrating how the Babri Masjid was demolished using axes, heard audios of kar sevaks raising slogans, seen evidence on video and arguments by the defence. The case centres on the 1992 demolition of the Babri Masjid by a mob which believed it was built on the birthplace of Hindu deity Lord Ram. The demolition triggered communal riots around India that killed around 1,800 people, according to official figures. The case is different from the land dispute at the heart of the stand-off, which was settled by the Supreme Court in November 2019 in favour of a Ram Janmabhoomi temple, the foundation stone for which was laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on August 5. Following the demolition of the mosque on December 6, 1992, the police filed two FIRs. The first - number 197/92 - was registered against lakhs of unnamed kar sevaks (volunteers) who had climbed atop the mosque to smash it with hammers and axes. The second FIR - number 198/92 was filed against eight people, namely Advani, Joshi, Bharti and Vinay Katiyar of the BJP, and the Vishva Hindu Parishad's Ashok Singhal, Giriraj Kishore, Vishnu Hari Dalmia and CMYK A TIMELINE OF CASE The verdict by a special court in the Babri Masjid demolition case comes 28 years after kar sevaks razed the 16th century mosque and almost a year after the Supreme Court settled the land case in favour of a Ram temple at the disputed Ayodhya site. A timeline: 1528: Babri Masjid built by Mir Baqi, commander of Mughal emperor Babur. 1885: Mahant Raghubir Das files plea in Faizabad district court seeking permission to build a canopy outside the disputed structure. Court rejects the plea. 1949: Idols of Ram Lalla placed under central dome outside the disputed structure. 1950: Gopal Simla Visharad files suit in Faizabad district court for right to worship the idols of Ram Lalla. Nov 2004: CBI challenges before the Lucknow bench of Allahabad High Court the dropping of proceedings against BJP leaders on technical grounds. Court issues notices. May 2010: High court dismisses plea. Says no merit in CBI's revision petition. Sep 2010: In a 2:1 majority, HC rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla. May 2011: SC stays HC verdict on Ayodhya land dispute. Paramahansa Ramachandra Das files suit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols. Feb 2011: CBI moves Supreme Court against high court order in the mosque demolition case. 1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit seeking possession of the site. Mar 2017: SC indicates it may consider reviving conspiracy charge against the BJP leaders in Babri Masjid demolition case. SC suggests fresh attempts to resolve Ayodhya dispute. 1961: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession of the site. Feb 1986: Local court orders the government to open the site to Hindu worshippers. Aug 1989: Allahabad HC orders status quo in respect of the disputed structure. Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished. Dec 1992: Two FIRs filed in the case. One against unknown kar sevaks for demolition of the mosque. The other names BJP leaders L K Advani, M M Joshi and others for allegedly giving communal speeches before the demolition. Apr: SC favours time-bound completion of trial in the case and reserves order on CBI's plea. SC restores criminal conspiracy charge against leaders including Advani, Joshi and Uma Bharti and clubs the trials in the matters pending against VIPs and kar sevaks. Nov 2019: SC grants entire disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla, directs govt to allot an alternative five-acre plot to Muslims to build mosque. Oct 1993: CBI files composite charge sheet accusing Advani and others of conspiracy. Aug 2020: PM Narendra Modi conducts 'bhoomi pujan' in Ayodhya, launches construction of Ram temple. Supreme Court extends by a month the deadline for completion of trial in the Babri Masjid demolition case. May 2001: Special CBI court drops proceedings against Advani, Joshi, Uma Bharti, Bal Thackeray and others. Sep 30: Special Judge S K Yadav delivers judgment in the mosque demolition case, all accused acquitted. Sadhvi Rithambhara. Of these, Dalmia, Kishore and Singhal have died. Forty-seven more FIRs were filed for the attacks on journalists on the day of the demolition, after the mosque had been brought down. The first problem that arose was the division of cases between the CBI and the UP Police's Criminal Investigation Department (CID). FIR 197 against the kar sevaks was handed over to the CBI, while FIR 198, against the BJP and VHP leaders, was handed over to the CID. It was only on August 27, 1993 that the CBI was handed over all the cases by the UP government. On October 5, 1993, the CBI filed its first chargesheet against 40 people, including the eight leaders. After two years of investigation, the CBI filed a supplementary chargesheet on January 10, 1996, alleging a larger conspiracy and a planned attack on the Babri Masjid. The CBI then included the charge of criminal conspiracy, Section 120(B) of the Indian Penal Code, against nine more people, including Shiv Sena leaders Bal Thackeray and Moreshwar Save. In 1997, a Lucknow magistrate ordered the framing of charges (including criminal conspiracy) against the 48 accused. But 34 of them moved the Allahabad High Court appealing for revision, and were granted a stay. For four years, nothing moved, because of the high court's stay order. Then, on February 21, 2001, the Allahabad High Court ordered that the criminal conspiracy charge against Advani, Joshi, Bharti, Kalyan Singh and others be dropped. Less than three month later, on May 4, 2001, the special court in Lucknow bifurcated FIRs 197 and 198 again, and stated that while 21 accused will be tried in Rae Bareli, the other 27 will be tried in Lucknow. The CBI then moved the high court to review its decision to drop the criminal conspiracy charge, but its petition was dismissed. On June 16, the CBI wrote to the UP government for a fresh notification to resume trial. In July 2003, the CBI withdrew the criminal conspiracy charge against Advani and filed a fresh chargesheet in the Rae Bareli court. But in July 2005, the high court re-framed the charge of 'inciting hate' against Advani. Until 2010, the two cases were being argued in the two separate courts. In 2011, the CBI finally approached the Supreme Court, which decided to transfer the Rae Bareli part of the trial to Lucknow as well. For the next seven years, several review petitions were filed in the courts against the charges framed, which led to a further delay. It was only after the Supreme Court stepped in on April 19, 2017 that Advani and others were brought back into the criminal conspiracy case. The apex court called the high court's order "erroneous", and also pulled up the CBI for not appealing against the order earlier. There were over 30,000-40,000 witnesses to the demolition, and oral evidence is said to have played an important role in the trial. Oral evidence includes all the statements given by witnesses to the police while the investigation was on. The CBI, during the investigation, drew up a list of 1,026 witnesses, which includes mostly journalists and policemen, and relied on oral evidence to establish the criminal conspiracy case against the eight BJP and VHP leaders as well. The oral evidence also includes speeches that were made by these leaders when Advani's rath yatra for a Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya began in 1990. These show that the idea to demolish the mosque was conceived in 1990, which proves conspiracy. The CBI made extra efforts to track most witnesses. Since 2010, several CBI teams have travelled the length and breadth of the country to issue summons asking them to depose in court. The CBI has produced a total of 351 witnesses and nearly 600 documents as evidence before the special court. Documentary evidence too is set to play an important role in the case, including news reports of the incident, as well as photographs and videos shot at the site on December 6, 1992. On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court, while awarding the disputed site to Hindu claimants, noted that the demolition was "an egregious violation of the rule of law". It now remains to be seen whether the SC's noting that the act of demolition was a "violation" impacts the judgment. The prosecution has said in its final arguments that since the demolition is an act of violation, the accused who conspired must be punished, while the defence has cited the SC's final comments that the land belongs to the Hindu claimants. BJP leader Ram Vilas Vedanti with others celebrate after the Special CBI Court acquitted him along with 31 other accused in the Babri Masjid demolition case, in Lucknow on Wednesday. ANI Muslim Personal Law Board to challenge verdict in HC LUCKNOW: The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) said that it will appeal against the special CBI court verdict in the Babri Masjid demolition case in the high court. AIMPLB Secretary Zafaryab Jilani said that the judgment pronounced on Wednesday by the special CBI court in the case was wrong. "We will appeal against the judgment in the High Court," said the lawyer, who was also part of the Babri Masjid Action Committee. Prominent Sunni cleric and All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) AIMPLB Secretary Zafaryab Jilani said that the judgment pronounced on Wednesday by the special CBI court in the case was wrong. "We will appeal against the judgment in the High Court," said the lawyer, who was also part of the Babri Masjid Action Committee. member Maulana Khalid Rasheed Firangi Mahali said everyone knows how the "Babri masjid was demolished in full public view" and the "law of the land was shredded to pieces". "The Muslims, in this country, have always respected court decisions. In the final judgment of the Babri masjid case, the court had clearly said that the Muslims had been wrongly deprived of a mosque that had been constructed well over 450 years ago. Then the Supreme Court also said that it was an unlawful destruction. However, if there was a criminal conspiracy, it had to be decided by the court. Now, Muslim organisations will sit together and decide whether today's judgment has to be appealed against or not," he said. NEW DELHI: Lal Krishna Advani , who spearheaded the Ayodhya movement, on Wednesday hailed the acquittal of 32 accused, including him, by a special CBI court in December 6, 1992 Babri mosque demolition case. Advani, who appeared in the court through video conferencing, welcomed the court order and said, "The judgment vindicates my personal and BJP's belief and commitment towards the Ram Janmabhoomi movement." "I am grateful to my party workers, leaders, saints, and all those through selfless involvement and sacrifices gave me strength and support during the Ayodhya movement," Advani said in a statement. He also thanked the party leaders, seers and his legal team for the joint efforts, which led to the foundation laying ceremony in Ayodhya for the temple. He said he looks forward to the construction of a grand and beautiful Ram Temple. The Special CBI court hearing the Babri mosque demolition case of December 6, 1992, acquitted all the 32 accused on Wednesday saying it was spontaneous and not a planned move. Those acquitted in the case that lasted 28 years include former Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani, former Union Ministers M.M. Joshi, Uma Bharti, former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh and Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, among others. MORE ON PG 7 KOLKATA: BSF troops seized 516 Bottles Phensedyl worth Rs 87,561/- and 10 KGs Ganja on Sep 29/30, 2020. These Phensedyl and Ganja were being smuggled to Bangladesh through different locations of International Boundary of Border Districts of South Bengal Frontier. On the intervening night of Sep 29/30, 2020, at about 03.30 hours, troops of BOP Nawada, 24 Battalion BSF, under Sector Malda, observed suspicious movement of miscreants near the lake. Noticing BSF troops, the miscreants fled away taking advantage of darkness and water logged areas. On thorough search of the area, troops recovered 200 bottles of Phensedyl from the spot. On Sep 29th, 2020, at around 05.05 hours, BSF troops of BOP Jayantipur, 158 Battalion, under Sector Kolkata, observed suspicious movement of some miscreants near a temporary fence, who gathered there with intention to smuggle contraband items to Bangladesh. On being challenged by BSF troops, miscreants fled away leaving behind contraband items. During thorough search of the area troops recovered 5 packets containing 10 Kgs Ganja. esides, BSF troops succeeded to foil. smuggling attempts of smugglers as well as rescued 01 cattle, 316 bottles Phensedyl from their respective areas of responsibilities in South Bengal Border. CAG lauds Bengal for 99 pc expenditure, 100 pc receipt reconciliation KOLKATA: "I am pleased to inform (you) that for the first time this office has achieved 99.62 per cent expenditure reconciliation and 100 per cent receipt reconciliation of the departmental transactions for the year 2019-20 through the login facility available in this office website," Rahul Kumar, CAG Accountant General (Administration) and ITSM, wrote in his letter to the additional chief secretary of the state Finance Department. The letter also gave a proposal to initiate a quarterly reconciliation process and instruct all the departmental offices to complete the reconciliation process at the earliest for the first quar- ter of the current fiscal. West Bengal Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar has expressed recently concern over alleged fiscal irregularities, the state Finance Department has earned the appreciation of the office of the CAG for achieving 99.62 per cent expenditure reconciliation and 100 per cent receipt reconciliation of its transactions for the 2019-20 fiscal.In a recent communication to the department, Rahul Kumar, said the feat "was possible due to your active involvement in the entire process, which has also been appreciated by the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. This will defi- nitely ensure correct and complete depiction of the receipts and expenditure figures in the finance accounts of the Government of West Bengal, Now, for the reconciliation of the current fiscal year, it is proposed to initiate a quarterly reconciliation process. Accordingly, the receipts and expenditure figures for the first quarter of 2020-21 have already been uploaded on the website under the departmental login. Please instruct all the departmental office(s) to complete the reconciliation process at (an) early date," the letter read. "To address the issue, this office has developed two sepa- rate modules in departmental login where departmental officers can upload the terms and conditions of the loan and investment details," he wrote, directing to upload the same for the 2019-20 fiscal by September 30. The official also urged the department to disclose two sets of information -- one for "loans and advance given by the government" and the other for "investment made by the government" -- in two separate statements. "However, currently both the statements are limited in true and fair depiction to the extent of information that is awaited from the departmental offices. Trail run of heritage River Cruise on Wednesday before it will start October 1st 2020 from Kolkata Millennium park Jetty.