CMYK Morning India WEATHER TODAY MAX 31 C MIN 23 C Rainfall may occur. RANCHI THURSDAY, 10 SEPT, 2020 PG-12, YEAR—10, ISSUE—131 (RNI NO: JHAENG / 2012 / 44137) CORONA METER BMC razes Kangana’s office INDIA TOTAL CASES: 4,417,550 WORLD TOTAL CASES: 27,791,319 TOTAL DEATH: 903,058 AT A GLANCE AI NOT TO GO AHEAD WITH RECRUITMENT EXERCISE OF TRAINEE PILOTS NEW DELHI: Air India has decided not to go ahead with the recruitment exercise of trainee pilots due to the bleak scenario in the aviation industry and the critical financial condition of the company. Responding to queries from IANS, Air India said in a statement that it had issued an advertisement in September, 2017 inviting applications from the open market to recruit pilots both Senior Trainee Pilots (With Endorsement) and Trainee Pilots (CPL Holders). COVID-19 VACCINE TRIALS TO CONTINUE IN INDIA DESPITE HALT IN UK: SII NEW DELHI: The clinical trials of Oxford vaccine will continue in India as usual as it has faced no issue at all, the Serum Institute of India (SII) said on Wednesday over the recent report of phase-three study of the Covid-19 vaccine being put on hold in the United Kingdom, as one of the participants reported a suspected severe adverse reaction. In a statement to IANS, the SII cleared the air on the impending trials of the vaccine in India. Commenting on the recent reports over AstraZeneca halting the trials in the UK, Serum Institute of India (SII) said, "We can't comment much on the UK trials but they have been paused for further review and they hope to restart soon. As far as Indian trials are concerned, it is continuing and we have faced no issues at all." The SII issued statements after reports started flourishing about a temporary halt in phase-three study. NATION OPINION Rs. 5 TOTAL DEATH: 74,367 NDA VS OPPN: DMK'S SIVA LIKELY NOMINEE FOR RS DY CHAIR'S POST NEW EDU POLICY DISMANTLES DIVERSITY AND DISSENT NGT slaps Rs 113 cr fine for violating laws VIDHAN SABHA, HC BUILDINGS SANJAY SAHAY RANCHI: National Green Tribunal (NGT), Eastern Zone, Kolkata, on Wednesday slapped a heavy fine for constructing two major buildings during the tenure of the Raghubar Das government-Vidhan Sabha and Jharkhand High Court-without getting prior environmental clearance. A bench comprising Justice S P Wangdi (Judicial member) and Dr Nagin Nanda (expert member) has passed its judgement on a petition seeking adequate compensation for causing environmental damage in the construction of Vidhan Sabha, High Court and other public buildings in Ranchi and other parts of the state. The petitioner RK Singh said that even though the final order is yet to be uploaded the NGT has ordered in favour of realisation of the compensation. According to Central Pollution Control Board’s calculation, the compensation amount is Rs 47 crore for the Vidhan Sabha and Rs 66-70 crore for the High Court in lieu of environmental damages to air and groundwater, he added. It may be stated here that in the petition Singh had stat- ed that the High Court, Vidhan Sabha and several other buildings of the state were built without the prior environment clearance (EC). He said that the EC could not be attained post facto in any building. He argued that while the mega-projects were being implemented the state pollution control board and other authorities were also silent on the issue. He also demanded the institution of a criminal case under the Environment Protection Act in this regard. Singh said that he fought the case only with the aim to show that law is above everyone. The NGT observed that there is no provision for postfacto clearance. The case was prolonged because NGT wanted to have the view of the ministry on the issue. He said that the compensation could be realised either from the State Government, officer, who monitored the construction of these buildings or the contractor. But he will press it to be realised from the officer concerned as no State government would ever ask its officers to execute any project in violation of environmental laws, Singh pointed out and added that the State Government has the option to challenge the NGT order in the Supreme Court. Bombay HC stays demolition hours after civic officials begin drive MUMBAI: The BrihanMumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) on Wednesday started demolishing the Bandra office of Bollywood actress Kangana Ranaut for alleged unauthorised modifications/extensions, officials said here. A team of the BMC H-West Ward officers accompanied by a police posse reached the office with bulldozers, JCBs and other heavy equipment and took up the demolition work from the outside. The development came barely hours after the BMC pasted a notice outside the office rejecting a reply filed by Kangana's lawyer, Rizwan Siddique, to the Tuesday (September 8) notice in which the civic body had listed a series of violations in the ongoing works in her office. The BMC Executive Engineer said that he was satisfied that the (illegal) works were being carried out and the actress had failed to produce the permissions/approvals/sanction for it as per BMC laws. "Therefore, the work carried out by you as mentioned in the notice schedule is declared as unauthorised," said the Executive Engineer. He also said that the ongoing work on the premises was not stopped and warned that it is "liable for forthwith demolition at your risk, cost and consequences". The notice also cautioned that the actress could face imprisonment of minimum one month up to one year besides penalties. As per the notice, the violations include: merging of two bungalows, converting a ground-floor toilet into an office cabin, converting a storeroom into a kitchen, making an unauthorised pantry in the ground floor, adding toilets near the storeroom and a parking area, illegal partitions in first floor living room, an illegal meeting room in the "puja" room, converting a balcony into a habitable area besides a floor extension, etc. The latest development came two days after a BMC team paid a surprise visit to her office and surveyed the premises at Bungalow No. 5, Chetan Row House, Nargis Dutt Road, Bandra West, on September 7. The survey was followed by the notice to Ranaut to stop the ongoing works within 24 hours in her office of Manikarna Films on Tuesday. The bungalow, which Ranaut had bought three years ago, is listed as a residential property by the BMC. BJP issues whip as Harivansh files papers Rajya Sabha. The whip issued by Shiv Pratap Shukla, BJP's Chief Whip in the Upper House, cited, "very important legislative business". The whip instructs, "All members of BJP in Rajya Sabha are 06 10 September 2020 Ranchi, Thursday NEW EDU POLICY DISMANTLES DIVERSITY AND DISSENT Morning India SPAIN'S CENTRE-LEFT HIGHER EDUCATION WILL BE MORE CORPORATISED AND PROFIT-DRIVEN GOVT FACING BIG OFFENSIVE FROM REJUVENATED RIGHT People’s Voice Stop at once, says High Court COVID CRISIS AND FRAGILE NATURE OF COALTION POSING THREAT TO MINISTRY T he eight month old Centre-Left coalition government of Spain is facing a major crisis as the continuing Covid crisis has made both social life and economy miserable giving advantage to the Right to step up their offensive against the fragile coalition which is the first such one after the Popular Front Government of the 1930's.The Spanish Communist Party which is the part of the combined left is fighting hard to retain the core content of the pro-people action programme on the basis of which the Left arrived at an understanding with the Sanchez led PSOE. In January, Izquierda Unida (IU) leader Alberto Garzón and his comrade Yolanda Díaz became Spain's first communist ministers since the Second Republic of the 1930s. Garzón took on the newly created Consumer Affairs ministerial role, while Díaz headed the Labor Ministry. They were joined in cabinet by multiple colleagues from the wider Unidas Podemos grouping, of which IU is part - most notably deputy Prime Minister Pablo Iglesias - as the radical left alliance reached a coalition agreement with Pedro Sánchez's center-left Socialist Party (PSOE). None of these newly sworn-in ministers could anticipate what was to follow. Only two months after entering office, the coalition was faced with the full force of the coronavirus pandemic's initial outbreak, as Madrid became one of the epicenters for the virus in Europe. The crisis this spring demanded emergency measures - and negotiations over a response at the European level. But the government now has entered a new phase of the effort to contain COVID-19, as a renewed surge in Spain's infection rates threatens to collapse the primary care system in the capital and brings forward the prospect of fresh restrictions - and even a possible second lockdown. But the coronavirus crisis isn't the only problem hanging over the Sanchez. And his allies.. There are major differences among the partners of the alliance and the relative conservatism of its larger coalition partner in the PSOE, further limits the Left agenda along with the unreliable support coming from the government's fragmented parliamentary majority, which currently depends on various smaller regional parties to make up the numbers. Today, the government is fighting for its immediate survival, faced with the radicalization of the Spanish right. This latter hopes that the government will eventually be toppled under the weight of its own contradictions - and the multiple crises enveloping it. Shortly, the far-right party Vox is set to table a no-confidence motion in a bid to capitalize on the fallout from the pandemic, while a series of pending court cases look to eat away at the coalition's legitimacy as part of a sustained campaign by right and corporate media. Amid all this, a fresh crisis within Spain's scandal-ridden monarchy has exposed tensions between the coalition partners. In a recent interview to the American leftwing magazine Jacobin,, the Spanish Consumer Affairs Minister Garzon said that the formation of this coalition in January represented a historic milestone in recent Spanish history. Not only was it the first coalition since Spain's transition to democracy in the 1970s, but it was also the first to include ministers from parties to the left of PSOE. The coalition came to office already facing a series of major crises - such as the territorial crisis [around Catalan independence], the rise of the extreme right, and the economic fallout from the austerity years. Yet - and this is how things go - the coalition partners, especially the combined Left IU led by Podemos were confronted very quickly with having to deal with a global pandemic, which has hit Spain particularly hard. The government's response has centered on what we is called "the social shield" - a package of measures aimed at protecting the working class and the social majority from the economic fallout of the pandemic. The coalition govt has prohibited evictions and the cutting off of basic services like water and electricity, implemented a major furlough scheme [the ERTE scheme] that has basically involved nationalizing the payment of wages as well as introduced a guaranteed basic income to protect the most vulnerable sectors of society. According to the Spanish communist minister, this response, with its clear focuses on social protection, was facilitated by presence in government and represents a clear contrast to how the previous crisis in 2010 was managed. Then, this govt saw further neoliberal reforms and austerity, but the coalition is now reinforcing public services and protecting working families. With a strict lockdown like the one implemented in the spring, the consequences are very unequal. It's not the same being locked down in a 200-square-meter house and in a 70-square-meter apartment. Similarly, being able to continue with online classes if you are from a middle-class family is very different from a home with one computer between four children. So the coalition's initial response has centered on dealing with these differential impacts. The coalition is now faced with charting a path forward for the country amid an unprecedented economic crisis - which has seen GDP falling by 18.5 percent in the second quarter of 2020. Obviously, right now, the government is in a very volatile moment with many unknowns - both in terms of the evolution of the pandemic and with regard to the other structural difficulties facing the country but it needs to continue protecting workers and businesses alike. A JCB under BMC demolishing actor Kangana Ranaut's office at Pali Hill, Bandra Bangalow number 5 for demolition, in Mumbai on Wednesday. ANI I MUMBAI: The Bombay High Court on Wednesday stayed the demolition drive of Bollywood actress Kangana Ranaut's "illegal office" barely a couple of hours after the HEALTH CAPSULE BrihanMumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) squad started bulldozing the premises. Ranaut's lawyer had challenged the BMC notice earlier in the morning before the high court, contending that there are no illegalities in the office works even as the civic demolition squad swooped on the premises in Bandra West. The high court has directed the BMC to file its reply to Ranaut's plea challenging the demolition order by 3 p.m. on Thursday. Even as the high court was hearing the matter, the BMC H- STUDY LINKS CALORIE RESTRICTION, BODY TEMPERATURE, HEALTHSPAN WASHINGTON: Cutting calories significantly may not be an easy task for many, but it is tied to a host of health benefits ranging from longer lifespan to a much lower chance of developing cancer, heart disease, diabetes and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's. A new study from teams led by Scripps Research Professors Bruno Conti, PhD, and Gary Siuzdak, PhD, highlights the critical role that body temperature plays in realising these diet-induced health benefits. Through their findings, the scientists pave the way toward creating a medicinal compound that imitates the valuable effects of reduced body temperature. The research appears in Science Signaling. Conti has spent years studying how and why calorie restriction leads to better health, with the ultimate goal of translating the findings into medicines that can mimic what happens naturally when a person eats less. One consistent observation is that when mammals consume less food, their body temperature drops. It's evolution's way of helping us conserve energy until the food is available again, Conti explains. It makes sense, considering that up to half of what we eat every day is turned into energy simply to maintain our core body temperature. Conti's previous work showed that temperature reduction can increase lifespan independently of calorie restriction--and that these effects involve activation of certain cellular processes, most of which remain to be identified. On the flip side, studies have shown that preventing body temperature from dropping can actually counteract the positive effects of calorie restriction. Notably, in an experiment involving calorie-restricted mice, anti-cancer benefits were diminished when core body temperature remained the same. P SANDOSH KUMAR ndian higher education has witnessed tremendous progress since independence. There has been a significant increase in the number of colleges and universities across the country. The Nehruvian consensus believed in providing limitless possibilities of free liberal education that reflects the spirit of reason, tolerance, humanism, dissent and dialogue. Influenced by Gandhian ideals of self-reliance and Marxian philosophy of social justice, Nehru was instrumental in building a pluralistic and secular higher education edifice in post-colonial India. Despite the tribulations and challenges, no one can deny the incredible achievements of India's higher education sector since independence. India has the third largest higher education system after China and the USA. Our higher education institutions like IIMs, IITs and JNU have already carved their imprints in the global education landscape. Undoubtedly, the ethos of the Indian higher education system sounds synonymous with our rich cultural and social fabric woven by threads of different identities, each blending to form a perfect amalgamation. And, at its core, we could always find creativity, innovation, and inclusion. We always hailed an education that stands for freedom and democracy. Obviously, the quest for diversity and dissent always heralded radical transformation within the system. We cannot undermine this broader context of higher education when we look into the New Education Policy (NEP 2020) and its underlying politics. Unfortunately, NEP 2020 completely ignores the modern secular and democratic higher education system that contemporary India inherited. It deliberately dismantles our modern values and replaces it with ancient values of therefore, requested to be positively present in the House throughout the day on Monday, September 14, 2020 and support the government's stand". The Congress had mooted the idea of the Opposition putting up a joint candidate for the RS Deputy Chairman's post. The name of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) leader Tiruchi Siva has almost been finalised as the common candidate by the Opposition. Brahmanical ethos, conservative principles and rigid compartmentalisation of higher education institutions. NEP replaces inclusion with commercialisation and institutional plurality with monolithic hierarchy. It attempts to replace social justice with merit and critical thinking with skillbased training. Above all, the policy tries to deconstruct the Nehruvian liberal modernity with that of a rightist and elitist model of education. This is indeed a deviation from the previous education policies, and therefore it will lead to serious repercussions in the higher education sector in our country. Before analysing the problematic recommendations of NEP, it is interesting to look into the 'paradoxical' positions and internal inconsistencies that the NEP document contains. Although the NEP is popularly perceived as a visionary document that can transform the genes of higher education, the arguments are often flawed and contradictory. For example, in the section on higher education, NEP states that the purpose of quality higher education is more than the creation of greater opportunities for employment for individual, but the key to creating a more vibrant, socially engaged and cooperative communities and a progressive nation. While the focus on individual employment is ignored in the above sentence, in another section, the document clearly argues that the purpose of higher education reform is to equip the student to cater to the need of the emerging 4th industrial revolution in India. Apart from that, throughout the document, the NEP raises voice for a skill-based vocational education instead of a system based on intellectual discourse. The legitimisation of 'student drop-out' from universities also aims to encourage the creation of a semi-skilled workforce that can serve the Indian capitalists. Hence, the core argument of the NEP on the pur- pose of higher education is an oxymoron. Secondly, the NEP calls the contemporary higher education system as 'highly fragmented'. Although the document is silent about the rationality behind such a sweeping generalisation, critics relate it with the existence of 800 universities and 40,000 colleges across the country. Actually, the socalled 'fragmentation' represents our diverse social structure, geographical coverage and unique needs of the students from both rural and urban regions. The NEP has unethically labelled it as 'fragmented', and completely disregarded the scope, spread and decentralisation of higher education. But does the new policy reform offer a constructive alternative to this fragmentation? Interestingly, the answer is no. The new structure that the NEP offers is extremely complex and challenging to operate in a federal system. It is unclear how the coexistence of private/ autonomous/ foreign/ government colleges and universities, the hierarchical regulatory authorities, contractual appointments of teachers, dropping out of students and different types of colleges will ensure a 'sustainable, robust and uniform' higher education. One can easily identify the lack of vision behind such rhetoric. Platitudes cannot be turned into pragmatism. Unfortunately, the NEP is full of platitudes rather than practical wisdom. Thirdly, the document is conspicuously silent about the rights of the students, although it often hails the role of 'dharma', 'duties', 'responsibilities' and 'accountability' of students. The document envisages the establishment of a 'liberal' education. The NEP perceives the term liberal as 'privatisation and commercialisation'. But the real meaning of 'liberal' in the context of education implies the centrality of 'dissent and freedom of expression' with- OPINION in the landscape of higher education. The NEP doesn't recognise the legitimate rights of students, their political representation and the need for including student representatives in the regulatory bodies. The concept of liberal education is narrowly defined as employability, freedom to drop out, choice of multiple disciplines, etc. In reality, liberal education doesn't imply the development of 'disposition', but the development of a free individual who can think critically and independently. Therefore, it is sad to understand that the NEP is a travesty of the great tradition of Nehruvian modernity. Fourthly, the document doesn't address the complex realities that our higher education system faces today. The approach is superficial. There is no pragmatic strategy to improve access to education to hitherto disadvantaged sections of society. The real challenge is our unequal social structure that breeds social injustice, oppression and the resultant lack of access to education. But instead of offering a rational strategy to ensure social inclusion and justice, the NEP promotes privatisation and commercialisation. Contrary to the expectations, the privatisation drive will only exacerbate the prevailing inequality and exclusion of the Dalits and Adivasis from higher education. Lastly, the NEP 2020 states that the central and state governments will endeavour to increase expenditure on education sector up to six per cent of the GDP. But the Commission is silent on the source of funding. It is paradoxical to note that since May 2014, India's total spending on education to GDP ratio has been falling. During 2012-13, the total education expenditure was 3.1 per cent of the GDP. Surprisingly, it fell in 2014-15 to 2.8 per cent. There was a further decline during 2015-16 as the total spending fell into 2.4 per cent of the GDP. 21 MILLION JOBS LOST, BUT TV SHOWS RHEA, KANGANA BARC RATINGS PROVE INDIANS PREFER FICTION OVER FACTS SATYAKI CHAKRABORTY T he disparity between newspaper headlines and what the 24X7 TV news broadcasts daily couldn't be any wider. If newspapers are frontpaging the unprecedented GDP growth rate contraction by - 23.9 per cent, or the four-decade-high unemployment figures, with 21 million jobs lost in the wake of the Covid-19 induced lockdown, our TV channels are focused on hounding Rhea Chakraborty. Despite little evidence against the young actress, former girlfriend of the late Sushant Singh Rajput, Chakraborty is subjected to a daily witch-hunt, and if the BARC ratings are an indication, that's exactly what the Indian news viewers want to see on their TV screens. According to a report in the portal Newsminute, TV editors are quelling dissent in the newsroom by citing the soaring TV ratings, compelling the reporters to engage in the public mobbing, shoving and jostling of the 28-year-old actress, while she's being summoned by government investigative agencies. Channels like Republic are pestering Chakraborty's retired army doctor father, the security guards in the building, the drivers, neighbours, and of course friends and family members. Reporters are stationed outside the multistorey building where the Chakrabortys live, and anyone going in or out, including officers of the Mumbai Police, are being subjected to humiliation, mis- MYK treatment and harassment. As India overtakes Brazil in the number of Covid-19 cases, and looks slated to push the USA to the second position in a matter of weeks, TV news saturates its coverage with Kangana Ranaut's hysterical theatrics, ranting against the Mumbai Police, comparing Mumbai to Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and getting Y category from the central government as a reward for steering the narrative. As Kangana and Rhea become two opposite ends of a macabre show over the dead body of a talented actor whose battle with mental health ended tragically, our TV news remains committed to sink- ing even lower in its unethical pursuit of salacious ratings. Could the proximity of the Bihar assembly elections alone explain TV channels's unhealthy obsession with the SSR saga, the collective throwing of caution to the winds? Apparently not. The TV ratings prove that a majority of urban Indians are more interested in microscopically examining every tasteless fabrication shown in the name of news than they are in the number of mental health issues rising as a result of lockdown, unemployment and the general social hysteria. Instead of questioning the Union government on its multiple failures, Indians are PAGE 10 transfixed by TV screens, consuming Rhea's public humiliation and Kangana milking the controversy to suit herself. Almost 41,000 farmers and daily wagers took their lives in the past year, but only one suicide is holding the nation captive. Centre is saying it's unable to pay the GST dues to the states, because of the economic contraction, thus endangering our federal structure even more. Economists like the World Bank's Kaushik Basu, former RBI governors Raghuram Rajan and Urjit Patel, renowned academics like Arvind Panagariya, Jayati Ghosh, Amartya Sen, occupying different schools of economic thoughts, nevertheless agree that India's economic situation is the worst since Independence, and will only go from bad to worse if governance doesn't improve. Yet, it seems TV editors consider a family tragedy and a limited investigation into an actor's death more headline worthy than the multiple tragedies befalling the country now. As China gets more aggressive towards an increasingly diminished India, which it seems is economically sinking and socio-politically fracturing, the fourth estate prefers distraction over investigation, hounding the weak over questioning the powerful. What's worse is that a whole lot of Indians prefer this elaborate fiction than the bitter truths taking our country down the rabbit hole of uncertainty. What could be more unfortunate than that? West Ward dozen-strong team, which was accompanied by a strong police posse, halted the demolition process awaiting the court orders. However, a significant portion of the office premises from the inside and outside appeared to have been razed with massive bull- TODAY MY HOME IS BROKEN, TOMORROW YOUR (UDDHAV’S) EGO WILL BE BROKEN: PG 10 RAJYA SABHA DY CHAIR NEW DELHI: With politics brewing over the election for the post of Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha, the ruling BJP has issued a three-line whip to all its Rajya Sabha members to be present in the House on September 14, the day the House reconvenes and the election takes place. Earlier on Wednesday the NDA candidate -- Janata Dal (United) MP Harivansh Narayan Singh -- filed his nomination for the post of Deputy Chairman of the OPINION www.sanmarglive.com PAWAR, FADNAVIS, NIRUPAM SLAM BMC’S ACTION 5 suicides in 48 hours shock Capital PAGE 5 SANJAY SAHAY RANCHI: Ranchi witnessed a spike in suicide even as five persons ended their lives in different parts of the district in 48 hours. On Wednesday morning people of Kuchhu village were shocked to see bodies of a youth Satyendra Mahto and his two sons namely Nilesh and Ritesh Kumar in a local well. Police which carried out preliminary investigation said that prima facie it appears that Satyendra committed suicide along with his children. According to information, Satyendra’s wife had left her husband’s house on Monday morning after a brawl. The couple was not having cordial relation for many days for various reasons, including the gambling habits of Satyendra. Rural SP Naushad Alam informed that the bodies have been sent to Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences for autopsy. Meanwhile, a woman Diya Kumari committed suicide by hanging herself in her parent’s house in Ganganagar colony under Sukhdeonagar police station area on CHINA STARTS FRESH BUILD UP NORTH OF PANGONG LAKE ALSO SEE PG 7 dozers, JCBs, and other heavy equipment. The fast-paced developments came barely hours after the BMC pasted a notice outside the office rejecting a reply filed by Kangana's lawyer, Rizwan Siddique, to the Tuesday (September 8) notice in which the civic body had listed a series of violations in the ongoing works in her office. The BMC Executive Engineer said that he was satisfied that the (illegal) works were being carried out and the actress had failed to produce the permissions/approvals/sanction for it as per the BMC laws. "Therefore, the work carried out by you as mentioned in the notice schedule is declared as unauthorized," said the Executive Engineer. Tuesday night. Relatives of the victim stated before police that last night Diya had a long talk with her husband who is an autorickshaw driver in Jamshedpur. Relatives said that Diya was under stress ever since she came to her parent’s home about a month back. In another incident, a man hung himself by his shirt in a house in Adarsh Nagar colony under the Dhurwa police station area on Wednesday. Economic hardship is said to be cause of the incident. Police said that the victim was initially in printing trade but later started working as a daily labourer. He was perturbed for the last two days. THE CHINESE CONTINUE TO SIT ATOP FINGER 4 RIDGELINE. THE NORTH BANK OF THE LAKE IS DIVIDED INTO 8 FINGERS THAT ARE CONTESTED BY BOTH SIDES NEW DELHI: As India dominates south of Pangong Lake in Eastern Ladakh, China has started fresh build up at Finger area north of the Lake, sources said on Wednesday. It started soon after the skirmish on the southern bank took place on September 7 where warning shots were fired by both sides. The deployment of People's Liberation Army troops have increased since Tuesday evening. They are also bringing in more materials and logistics items. The troops from both sides are at a short range from each other. "They are within clear visible range and Indian troops are keeping a close watch on the activities," said a government source. CMYK The Chinese continue to sit atop Finger 4 ridgeline. The north bank of the lake is divided into 8 fingers that are contested by both sides. India claims that the Line of Actual Control at Finger 8 and had been holding on to area till Finger 4 but in a clear alteration of status quo the Chinese have been camping at Finger 4 and have set up fortifications between Finger 5 and 8. The Indian Army have occupied crucial heights in areas around the south bank of Pangong Lake and the Chinese have made several attempts to take over Indian positions. It has become the new friction point where Indian Army seems be in an advantageous position. The Indian Army has occupied heights that allow it to dominate the Chinese Moldo garrison and the Spangur Gap under Chinese control. Both Indian and China lay claim to some of these heights. One of the most critical heights the Indian Army is man- ning is the Rechin La, which the Chinese are protesting against. From here the Indian Army enjoys a vantage point not just over Chinese army military bases on the south bank of the the Pangong Lake but can also be within range of the Finger 4 area on the north of the lake on the opposite side. India and China have been engaged in a standoff since May at the LAC in Eastern Ladakh. Despite several levels of dialogue, there has not been any breakthrough and the deadlock continues. Indian and Chinese military representatives met on Wednesday to amicably de-escalate tension on the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh but the talks were "inconclusive". IAF TO FORMALLY INDUCT RAFALE AIRCRAFT ON SEPT 10 NEW DELHI: The Indian Air Force will formally induct the newly acquired Rafale fighter jets on Thursday at its airbase in Ambala in Haryana, around 200 km from here. The aircraft will be part of the IAF's 17 Squadron, known as 'Golden Arrows'. It was resurrected in September last year. Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Florence Parly, the Minister of the Armed Forces of France, will be the chief guest. The first five Rafale aircraft had arrived in Ambala from France on July 27, 2020. The jets flew from the Merignac airbase in the port city of Bordeaux and landed for a stopover at Al Dhafra airbase in the United Arab Emirates after covering a distance of nearly 7,000 km. A day later, they flew again and landed at the Ambala airbase. The induction programme will include ceremonial unveiling of the Rafale aircraft, a traditional 'sarva dharma puja', air display by Rafale and Tejas aircraft as well as Sarang aerobatic team. Afterwards, a traditional water cannon salute will be given to the Rafale aircraft. The programme will culminate with the ceremonial induction of Rafale aircraft to the 17 Squadron.